What is Sleep (Nidra)? and Why Sleep is Important?


The sleep of the night is called “Bhootadhatri”, which is a Sanskrit word meaning ‘mother of the whole creation’. Just as the mother nurtures her child, the creation nourishes everyone by resting in a state of sleep. Sleep is a natural and necessary part of our daily routine, it provides us with energy, which is necessary to live a healthy life. Deep and right amount of sleep gives complete relaxation to our mind and body due to which we get freshness and we become energetic and happy.

Half the incomplete sleep (excessively, less or troublesome sleep) causes difficulties such as grief, weakness, weakness, lethargy, short life span etc.

Let us discuss about sleep in some more detail. In this article we will also know what is the main cause of insomnia. We will also know that to get a good sleep at night, we should take rules and measures with cones.

Classification of sleep into 4 parts.

  • Tamobhav – Sleep due to Tamas
  • Mucus-emphysema – Sleep due to increased ‘phlegm’ in the body
  • Mana: Shama Janaya – Sleep due to mental fatigue
  • Body: Blushing – Sleep due to physical fatigue
  • Agnatico – Sleep due to external causes. Such as accidents, toxins etc.
  • Vyadhyanovartani – sleep due to illness. Such as: fever, severe diarrhea, intoxication, diabetes etc.
  • Ratriswabhava – Natural sleep of night (psychological)

Of all these types, only Ratrisavabhava is normal sleep which is called ‘Bhootadhatri’.

  • A tamsik person sleeps both day and night.
  • A Rajasik person sleeps either during the day or at night.
  • The Satvik person sleeps very little and sleeps only at night.

Which is the best time to sleep?

Time is divided into four yams. (One yama is equal to 3 hours)

-The first and last Yama is 3 hours after the sun sets and 3 hours before the Brahma Mahurta. (3:00 am to 6:00 am and 6:30 pm to 9:00 pm) This is considered to be the best time to meditate, to read, to gain knowledge, and to pray.

-Second and third Yama This (9:00 am to 3:00 am) is the best time to sleep.

Tips for sound sleep.

  • Wash feet before sleeping. Massaging the soles is also good.
  • Wear loose and comfortable clothes at bedtime that circulate air in the body.
  • Before bed, take long deep breaths and do meditation.
  • Do not sleep with the feet facing south and do not step towards the Guru, the idol of God, pictures of God and God, people, things and places of honor.
  • Do not sleep in the kitchen and do not keep any food items inside the bedroom.
  • Keep in mind that fresh air flows inside the bedroom.
  • Never sleep in a dark and wet room.
  • Keep the head slightly up ‘Apply a thin pillow.
  • In summer, they can sleep on the roof under the open sky but not in winter or rainy season.
  • It is not good to sleep in direct sunlight, although it is okay to sleep in the moonlight night if all other conditions are favorable.

Is sleeping during the day bad for your health

According to Ayurveda, sleeping in the afternoon increases phlegm(kapha) in the body, obstructs blood circulation, due to which the head becomes heavy, difficulty in breathing. Drowsiness, cold cough, headache, digestive disorders, blisters, itching, sore throat, blood loss etc. are increased.

Do not lie down immediately after lunch. However there is a desire to lie down without sleeping. Resting for a while after eating heavy food at any time is good for health. But it is okay to take a little sleep sitting (5 to 10 minutes). After lunch- It brings balance in Vata and Kapha.

People who can sleep in day time

  • Children and old people
  • Those who come to work at night.
  • Which come by doing hard physical or mental work.
  • Those suffering from any kind of pain, pain, injury or TB.
  • Those who have excessive thirst, diarrhea, stomach pain, shortness of breath, hiccups, pain during menstruation.
  • Which is surrounded by anger, fear and sadness.
  • After a long journey, after lifting a lot of weight, after intercourse more, after drinking an overdose, after singing or studying for a long time.
  • After Panchakarma therapy (elimination).
  • In extreme summer season, when the temperature is highest, at that time it is ok to sleep.

Who is not allowed to sleep in the afternoon

  • For individuals of Kapha nature.
  • At the time of phlegm imbalance
  • In times of extreme obesity
  • One should not sleep even if the amount of toxic substance is high in the body.

More remedies for sound sleep

  • Beautiful fully covered bed
  • Sweet music and a fragrance in the room
  • Clean, quiet, open and comfortable room
  • Habit of sleeping and waking on time
  • Massage yourself with oil and relax yourself
  • Massage with powder (erection)

1. Shirodhara

2. Eye Tarpan (very beneficial remedy for many eye diseases)

3. Natural herbal preparations for good sleep are also done on a personal level in consultation with the Ayurvedic physician.

The main causes of insomnia

  • When the element(toxin) increases
  • Old age
  • Fear, stress, anger
  • No comfortable bed, no time and space
  • Smoking
  • Gout
  • Excess of tendency
  • More labor
  • fast
  • Vata imbalance and other physical diseases
  • Prolonged insomnia can result in loss of body weight

Normally how much sleep do we need?

  • 0 to 7 years 10 to 12 hours of sleep
  • 7 to 14 years 8 to 10 hours sleep
  • 14 to 21 years 6 to 8 hours of sleep
  • 21 to 35 years 5 to 6 hours of sleep
  • 35 to 50 years 4 to 5 hours of sleep
  • 4 years or less over 50 years

Generally people of Vata nature get satisfied with five to 6 hours of sleep. People of bile nature feel healthy from 6-7 hours of sleep without deep and without hindrance. People of Kapha nature like to sleep for 7 to 8 hours. Because in their nature, sleeping for 8 hours or more is better, but sleeping so much is not appropriate.

According to Ayurveda, 6 hours of sleep is sufficient for a normal, adult, healthy man. So that’s why people of bile and Kapha nature are healthy if they are accustomed to sleep for 6 hours.

The latencies of sleep vary according to individual employment. The amount of sleep is individually based on the physical, mental, intellectual functioning of the individual.

People in the following occupations require less sleep in decreasing order

  • Those who do more manual labor continuously.
  • People who keep in touch and interact with individuals, such as consultancy, doctors, lawyer marketing professionals, teachers, receptionists etc.
  • Intellectual workers such as decision making, decision making, planning, administrative work, organizing etc.
  • People who do desk jobs like clerks, accountants, computer operators etc.
  • People who do very little and light work.
  • However, each person can choose the appropriate sleep time for himself. So that he can experiment successfully and adopt the right sleeping position for himself.

According to the general rule, when you feel healthy, fresh and energized after sleeping, then how many hours of sleep is suitable for your physical system will be known. If a person feels tired even after sleep, it means that he has slept longer or slept less. Bedtime gradually decreases when the optimal cycle of sleep is established.

Sip warm milk before bed

Warm milk has long been believed to be associated with chemicals that simulate the effects of tryptophan on the brain. This is a chemical building block for the substance serotonin, which is involved in the sleep-wake transition,.

Have this concoction

Boil 3 grams of fresh mint leaves or 1.5 grams of dried powder of mint leaves in 1 cup of water for 15-20 minutes. Take lukewarm with 1 teaspoon of honey at bedtime.

Relax with yoga and meditation

Yoga, breathing exercises and meditation are excellent ways to relax the mind and allow it to sleep. Know how meditation can help deal with insomnia.

Reduce screen time

Shut all screens two hours before you go to bed. The blue light emanating from screens affects the production of the sleep-inducing hormone melatonin.

Cut caffeine

If you are suffering from extreme insomnia, stop consumption of all caffeine drinks, coffee, tea and aerated drinks. If you are suffering from mild insomnia, then do not drink them after dusk.

Feet massage

Applying chandan on your forehead

Smelling chameli flower

Head massage relax your mind and improve quality of sleep