Sarcoidosis is a chronic inflammatory granulomatous disease that primarily affects the lungs, although multi-organ involvement is common or it is a disease in which inflammation produces tiny lumps of cells in organs throughout the body.
The lumps, called granulomas, most often appear in the lungs, but they also can occur in the lymph nodes, eyes, skin or other areas of the body.
A diagnosis of sarcoidosis should be suspected in any young or middle-aged adult presenting with unexplained cough, shortness of breath, etc. Diagnosis requires the presence of noncaseating granuloma. Sarcoidosis may solve without any treatment within a few years. However, some people may have long-term disease.
At the tissue or cellular level, sarcoidosis disease progression can be divided into three phases: The first phase is inflammation.
In phase two, granulomas form. Granulomas are masses or nodules of chronically inflamed tissue or dispose of.
In phase three, fibrosis (scarring) of tissues or organs occurs. If scarring is excessive in a vital organ, sarcoidosis is sometimes fatal.
What causes sarcoidosis?
The exact cause of sarcoidosis is not known. However, gender, race, and genetics can increase the risk of many developing the condition:
- Sarcoidosis is more prominent in female than in men.
- People of American-African descent are more likely to develop this diseases.
- People with a family history of sarcoidosis have a significantly higher risk of getting the disease.
- Sarcoidosis rarely occurs in children. Symptoms usually appear in people between the ages of 20 and 40(adult age)
What are the signs and symptoms of sarcoidosis?
Many people with sarcoidosis have nosymptoms. Others have only unclear symptoms that can be seen in many other illnesses, such as dry cough, fatigue and shortness of breath, weight loss, fever, and loss of appetite, depression, night sweats, and sleep problems.
Symptoms that may come from problems with a specific organ include:
- Lungs (Pulmonary Sarcodosis): Dry cough, Shortness of breath, persistence cough, wheezing. The inflammation caused by sarcoidosis may lead to scarring and permanent damage to the lungs, if untreated, and complications such as bronchiectasismay occur.
- Lymph nodes: Enlarged and sometimes tender lymph nodes, most often in the chest and neck, but sometimes under the chin, arm pits or groin.
- Eyes (Ocular Sarcodosis): The most common complication being uveitis. Uveitis involves redness, swelling, and pain in the eyes, and can cause vision abnormalities such as floaters. If left untreated, ocular sarcoidosis can lead to complications such as glaucomaand cataractsthat can cause vision loss.
- Bones and Joints (Musculoskeletal sarcoidosis): Bone lumps (nodules), causing pain and swelling in the hands and feet and sometimes pain and swelling in the ankles or other joints.
- Spleen and Liver: fever, fatigue or itching. There can be pain in the upper right part of the abdomen, under the ribs.
- Heart (Cardiac Sarcodosis): Shortness of breath, wheezing, coughing, and chest pain. One may have a feeling of an irregular or fast heart beat at times, or in rare cases even pass out without warning.
- Salivary Glands: Swelling (which may make the cheeks look puffy) and an overly dry throat and mouth.
- The Nervous System (Neurosarcoidosis):When granulomas develop in and around the nervous system, the disease is referred to as neurosarcoidosis. Headaches, vision problems, weakness or numbness of an arm or leg, drooping of one side of the face, loss of movement in the arms or legs, weakness, pain or a “pins and needles” feeling.
- Cutaneous sarcoidosis:Sarcoidosis can cause several skin problems, occurring in about 25-35 % of patients. Examples include:Erythema nodosum, or acute painful red lumps on the lower legs or arms, associated with chronic, painful blue lesions or discoloration on the face, fingers, ears, or toes, Lesions, on the extremities, scalp, back, and buttocks, which can vary in severity from relatively painless lumps and rashes to more severe plaques where multiple lesions have occurred together in the same location.
- Renal sarcoidosis: Sarcoidosis can lead to kidneydamage, stone formation, or kidney failure. This can be due to sarcoidosis causing changes in calcium metabolism, resulting in too much calcium in the blood (hyperkalemia).
- Hepatic sarcoidosis: Liver involvement, called hepatic sarcoidosis, is common. However, this rarely affects organ function. In rare cases, it can cause cirrhosis (liver disease), or portal hypertension (high blood pressure in the liver).
How is sarcoidosis diagnosed?
It can be difficult to diagnose sarcoidosis. It may be a form of autoimmune disease associated with an abnormal immune response, but what triggers this response is uncertain. Symptoms can be similar to those of other diseases, such as arthritis or cancer. Doctor will run a variety of tests to make a diagnosis. Sarcoidosis can affect almost any part of the body, and depending on where it occurs, patients can experience very different symptomsand require different treatmentmethods. Doctor will first perform a physical examination to:
- check for skin bumps or a rash
- look for swollen lymph nodes
- listen to your heart and lungs
- check for an enlarged liver or spleen
What is Ayurvedic View for Sarcoderma?
In Ayurveda, sarcoidosis has not been mentioned properly but can be correlated to the symptoms caused due to the accumulation of ama (toxins) in the body. The ama gets accumulated in the praanvaha strotas due to the vitiation of pitta and kapha dosha which causes an increase in the mamsadhatu that leads to the formation of swollen lymph nodes.
CHANDIGARH AYURVED CENTRE provided you a package, which includes total 5 products: Cough go tablet, cough go sachet, Trikatu syrup, Kas Shwas Hari Rasa, Kanchnar guggulu.
1.Cough Go Tablets:
These herbal tablets are beneficial in cough, cold, bronchitis, & other respiratory disorders. Cough Go Tablets are ayurvedic formulation containing Sonth (Zingiber officinale), Mulethi (Glycyrrhiza glabra), Pippali (Piper longum), Kali mirch(Piper nigrum), etc. All these ingredients show antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, bronchodilator, & expectorant properties.
Recommended Dosage – Take 1 tablet twice a day with normal water
Chandigarh Ayurved Centre Detox premium powder is safe and natural. The herbs & minerals used for the preparation of this churna show antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, expectorant, immuno-modulator properties. The different ingredients used for its preparation are Talisaadi Churna, Abhrak Bhasam, Lakshmi vilas ras, Yashti madhu churna, etc..
Recommended dosage: Take 1 sachet twice daily with honey.
3. Trikatu Syrup:
The main herbs used for the formation of this syrup are Marich (Piper nigrum), Pippali (Piper longum), & Shunthi (Zingiber officinale). This herbal syrup deals with the signs & symptoms related to hyperthyroid patients. It is very effective syrup for different diseases
Recommended dosage: Take 1 tablespoon twice daily.
4. Kas Shwas Hari Rasa
Kas Shwas hari rasa is an excellent medicine for entire Pranavaha srotas. It acts as a vata-kaphaghna. These tablets contain ingredients like– Shwas kasa chintamani rasa, Laxmivilas nardiya rasa, Sutashekhar rasa, Talisadi churna processed in Bhawana Vasa Kwath. The tablet has best result in recurrent cough, cold, asthma, and sinusitis. It is effective in recurrence of Pranavaha Srotas related vikar developed due to low immunity & give effective results to asthma patients.
Recommended Dosage– Take 1 tablet twice a day with normal water.
5. Kachnaar Guggul
Kachnaar guggul is an Ayurvedic medicine beneficial for PCOS patients. These herbal tablets are prepared form herbs like Kanchnaar ( Bauhinia variegata) ,Haritaki ( Terminalia chebula) , Bibhitaki ( Terminalia bellirica) , Amalaki (Phyllanthus emblica) , Shunthi ( Zingiber officinale ), Kali Mirch ( Piper nigrum ), Pippali ( Piper longum) , Varuna ( Crataeva nurvala ), etc. These all herbs in combination reduce the cyst size and remove it out. It reduces inflammation in the body.
Recommended Dosage: Take 2 tablets twice daily with normal water.
What is the Panchakarma Treatment for Asthma?
According to Ayurveda, the accumulation of Vata and Kapha in the respiratory tract and the digestive system are responsible for breathing problems. Panchakarma therapies are very effective in cleansing the body toxins and removing doshas which clears up any obstruction in the respiratory channels.
Chandigarh Ayurved Centre provides the best Panchakarma treatment sarcoidosis. These therapies are conducted by well-trained staff under the supervision of Ayurvedic Doctor. Following therapies are recommended for Sarcoidosis patients:
Snehana – Medicated oil mixed with mild salt should be gently massaged on the chest and back to lose the Grathita Kapha in the chest. In Asthma, Grathita kapha (mucus plug) is present, thus the snehana procedure is useful in Vilayana of the Kapha, thereby removing the sanga (obstruction of the airway).
Swedana – By this process, the grathita kapha gets dissolve in the body thus the kapha becomes softened in the channels and as a result, the movement of Vata is restored to its normal condition.
Vaman – To eliminate or expectorate the liquefy Kapha, vaman should be given with proper method.
Nasya – Pouring the medicated oil in both the nostrils are highly beneficial treatment in the respiratory problems
Dhumrapana – After vaman, to eliminate the hidden pathogenic substances in the dosha which are in the Linavastha (not completely purified), dhumrapana is done.
Healthy Tips and Diet for Sarcoidosis Patients
- Avoid cold and damp places.
- Go for morning and evening walk for at least 30 minutes.
- Avoid tobacco, wine, smoking, overeating.
- Keep rooms well ventilated.
- Avoid perfumes, incense sticks, mosquito repellants.
- Drink plenty of water is the best natural treatment of Asthma
- Avoid excessive exercise and indulgence in sex.
- Eat foods with omega-3 fatty acids, which are found in fish like salmon, sardines and some plant sources like, flaxseed- are believed to have a number of health benefits.
- Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables.
- Yoga improves the strength, flexibility, and capacity of the lungs, the three necessary components of overall fitness. Yoga therapy improves lung functions and reduces the frequency of exacerbations. It emphasizes conscious breathing and includes relaxation.
- Medication has beneficial effects on personality, emotions, and psyche. After medication, the asthmatic person can learn to come to a place of peace and stillness.
- Postures recommended for bronchial asthma are: Shirshasana, Dhanurasana, Chakarasana, Bhujangasana, Supta vajrasana are highly beneficial in Sarcoidosis condition.
- Avoid reckless over-the-counter Sarcoidosis medication as much as possible