What is Hepatitis? Symptoms, Care and Treatment

Hepatitis is a common terminology for liver inflammation, which can be caused by infectious or non-infectious causes. The viruses responsible for many cases of infectious hepatitis include hepatitis A, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, hepatitis D, and hepatitis E. Hepatitis A, B, and E are the only hepatitis viruses whose vaccines are currently available. Vaccine-acquired immunity to hepatitis B is also recommended for immunization for hepatitis D, also known as delta hepatitis.

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a partially bi-standardized DNA virus of the hepadnavirus family. Hepatitis A virus (HAV) is a single-standardized RNA virus of the picornavirus family. Both viruses, although they are not structurally related to each other, are infected in liver cells and are primarily diploid.


Symptoms of acute infection of hepatitis A are similar to symptoms of hepatitis B infections. The initial symptoms are headache, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, fever, rashes, pain and pain in the body, and dark urine. After this stage, Jaundice (yellow-skin and eye-whitening), mild calcification, and liver pain may occur.


Hepatitis B virus can be spread by coming into contact with infectious fluids (such as blood, saliva, and semen) of the body. It can be transmitted sexually, or by sharing equipment used in injections such as needles, sutures, in an infected mother’s baby, contact with an infected person’s open abscesses or sores, and razors with the infected person Or a toothbrush can spread by sharing. Although saliva may be the means of transmission in tooth-biting, kissing is not a major means of transmission of the virus.

The fecal-oral route is the main route of transmission of hepatitis A virus. It can spread through person-to-person contact or through the use of contaminated food or water. HAV is not considered a virus spread via saliva. It has been transmitted through contaminated blood transfusions in a very rare case.

Both viruses are highly persistent and can be contagious for up to seven days on surfaces at room temperature, although in most cases this infection is not responsible for transmission.

Treatment and care

There is no specific treatment for acute infection of hepatitis A and B. In particular, they are treated with supportive care such as rest, fluid management, and pain and fever.


Both hepatitis A and hepatitis B infections can have immediate, fatal consequences. Hepatitis occurs in about 1% of people with severe HBV infections, or severe liver failure. HAV infection also typically takes the form of hepatitis, a mildly exacerbated form of HBV. Up to 90% of patients with sudden hepatitis die.

About 95% of adults with acute HBV infection are healthy and not permanently infected, although in the acute stage they can infect another person through body emissions. Others may become permanently infected – and infect others over a long period of time (in some cases several years) – and are at risk of severe liver disease. For children, the situation is different: a newborn and a child infected with hepatitis B have a higher chance of permanent infection than an adult, and therefore the complications are severe and occur late.

Permanent infection of HBV can cause cirrhosis, liver damage, and liver cancer. HAV infection does not cause permanent infection or permanent liver disease.

Interferon therapy is given in the treatment of chronic HBV-infected patients, which reduces or removes the virus in some patients. Interferon blocks viral replication and increases the body’s immunity to infected cells. Since interferon is an injectable drug and has some potential adverse effects, some patients are advised to discontinue or avoid late interferon treatment or take any of the many oral medications such as lamivudine, adefovir or antecavir. Is given. Treatment is always given and monitored by a clinician knowledgeable of viral hepatitis.

Available vaccines

Hepatitis B Vaccines

There are many hepatitis B vaccines available worldwide, including many combination vaccines. Some parents oppose immunizing their newborn with the vaccine, thinking they only spread through sexual contact or IV drug use. However, newborns and young children are at risk of hepatitis B infection: in addition to the prevalence of hepatitis B in a newborn, hepatitis B has been reported in children in school and daycare settings. The vaccine does not contain any living viruses and is also safe for people with low resistance.

Hepatitis A Vaccines

There are many hepatitis A vaccine drugs available. It can be used as a single vaccine or in combination with other vaccines. Inactive hepatitis A vaccines are widely used, while living debilitated hepatitis A vaccines are rarely used in countries.

Hepatitis E Vaccines

In 2011, a license was granted in China for the recombinant hepatitis E vaccine to be used in people between the ages of 16–65 years. It is recommended for those who are at risk of Hepatitis E infection.

Vaccination recommendations

The World Health Organization recommends that all newborns should be given one dose of the hepatitis B vaccine within 24 months of birth, followed by 2 or 3 additional doses in adolescence.

The World Health Organization recommends that hepatitis A vaccines should be included in national immunization programs in countries where hepatitis A infection rates are high and where behavior is cost-effective.

Inactivation of inactivated hepatitis A vaccine at 1 year of age is recommended, along with a booster shot after several months. People who have not had Hepatitis A and have never been vaccinated, and go to countries where Hepatitis A infection rates are high, may take Hepatitis A vaccine before travel. It is important to take the vaccine at least two weeks before the trip. One time the benefit of taking the vaccine continues for several months, but taking the second dose will provide long-term immunity.

Home remedies come in every disease, just you should know about them. Today we are going to tell something about the same. For your information, let us know that Hepatitis B is a liver related problem, which can become fatal if ignored. Its hinges also seem to be applied in childhood. But apart from this, many patients suffering from Hepatitis B do not know about it due to no problem for a long time. Today we will tell you that home remedies during Hepatitis B can help you overcome this disease.

* Azadirachta indica

Neem is one of the very useful remedies in the treatment of Hepatitis B. The main reason for this is that many types of anti-virus components are present in it. In the case of Hepatitis B, juice of neem leaves should be mixed with honey.

* Turmeric

Turmeric is anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, anti-microbial, and removes enlarged hepatic tubes. Hepatitis B can be treated by taking milk or water mixed with it and consuming it.

* Liquorices powder and honey

Mulethi powder benefits our liver a lot. Mix two spoons of honey in one tablespoon of liquorice powder and eat daily. It is also very beneficial in the treatment of hepatitis.

* Gooseberry

Amla is rich in vitamin C, which benefits the liver in every way. In such a situation, you can eat raw amla by cutting it into small pieces and you can eat it by mixing it in salad or you can also make raita by mixing it in curd.

* Garlic

Garlic helps to clear toxins from the body. In this case, chew one to two buds of garlic on an empty stomach every morning. Also, use garlic as a spice in cooking as well.



Hepatitis Care-Kit

1. Kutaki Capsule:

These herbal capsules are prepared from the standardized extract of Picrorhiza kurroa. The herb used in this capsule show anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. These properties help in treating hepatitis naturally.

 Recommended Dosage: Take two capsules twice a day with normal water.

2. Bhumi Amla Churna:

This herbal churna is prepared from the extract of herb Bhumiamla (Phyllanthus niruri). It is considered as the best herb for liver that regenerates the liver cells and increases life-span of the liver. The antioxidant nature of this herb removes all toxins from the body.

Recommended Dosage: Take half teaspoon twice a day with normal water.

3. Detox Premium Powder:

This is a herbo-mineral preparation that contains following ingredients: Moti pishti, Parwal pishti, Shukta pishti, Giloy satav, Kamdudha ras, Jahar Mohra pishti, Akik pishti, Gandhak rasayan, Tal sindoor, Shankh bhasam, Sutshekhar ras, Sudhyog tab, Shwet parpati, Yavakshaar. Premium detox powder keeps your liver cell healthy. It clears away the toxins from the body and stimulates the function of the liver and increases the flow of bile

Recommended Dosage: Take one sachet twice a day with normal water.

4. Liver Care Syrup:

It is a herbo-mineral Syrup which is purely ayurvedic formulation. CAC Liver Care syrup helps in balancing Pitta dosha. This Syrup enhances regeneration of liver cells, promote functions of liver, and improve blood flow from the liver. It helps in the treatment of fatty liver, Liver cirrhosis, Hepatitis, hepatomegaly, and obstructive Jaundice. CAC Liver Care syrup contains Ingredients like Kalmegh (Andrographis paniculata), Kutaki(Picrorhiza kurroa), Bhumi amla( phyllanthus niruri), Giloy(Tinopora Cordifolia), Yavakshar( Hordeum vulgare), Imli Kshar( Tamarindus indica), Mukta Shukta pisti etc. These herbs show Antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, Hepato-protective, properties. This syrup improves digestion, enhances appetite.

It shows results in Fatty Liver, Liver Cirrhosis, Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, Liver Cancer, Hepatomegaly, Inherited diseases- Hemochromatosis and Wilson’s disease, and Jaundice.

DOSAGE– Take 2 tablespoon twice daily

5. Liver Care Tablet:

It is a herbo-mineral tablet of size 650 MG and is a purely ayurvedic formulation. CAC Liver Care tablets help in balancing Pitta dosha. These tablets stimulate the growth of new liver cells, promote functions of liver, and improve blood flow from the liver. It helps in the treatment of fatty liver, Liver cirrhosis, Hepatitis, hepatomegaly, and obstructive Jaundice. CAC Liver Care Tablets contains Ingredients like Kalmegh (Andrographis paniculata), Kutaki(Picrorhiza kurroa), Bhumi amla( phyllanthus niruri), Giloy(Tinospora Cordifolia), Yavakshar( Hordeum vulgare), Imli Kshar( Tamarindus indica), Mukta Shukta pisti etc. it shows results in Hepatomegaly, Inherited diseases- Hemochromatosis and Wilson’s disease, Jaundice and Obstructive jaundice

DOSAGE: Take one tablet twice a day with normal water.

6. Trikatu tablet:

Trikatu tablet is formulated with three herbs named as pippali, marich, & shunthi. It promotes healthy digestion, appetite, stimulates the liver to secrete bile. This herbal syrup relieves abdominal pain, bloating, loss of appetite, & indigestion problems related to hepatitis.

Recommended Dosage: Take one tablet twice daily before meal.