TYPES OF DOSHAS AND SYMPTOMS OF THEIR IMBALANCE

PLACES OF VATA DOSHA

  • Pakavasaya  – Large intestine
  • Sakthi – Hip
  • Shrotra – Ear
  • Kati – Waist
  • Asthi – Bones
  • Sparshanendriya – Skin
  • Special place – Large intestine

PLACES OF PITT DOSHA

  • Nadhi – Umbilicus,
  • Amashaya- stomach and small intestine,
  • Sweda – sweat,
  • Lasika- lymph,
  • Rudhira – blood,
  • Rasa- plasma,
  • Druk – Eye, and Sparshanam – skin,
  • Special site – Nabhi (region around the Umbilicus)

PLACES OF KAPHA DOSHA

  • Ura – Chest
  • Kantha – throat
  • Shira – Head,
  • Kloma – Pancreas
  • Parvani – bone joints
  • Amashaya – Stomach and small intestine
  • Rasa – plasma
  • Meda – fat
  • Ghrana – Nose and
  • Jihva – Tongue
  • Special seat is Ura – chest.

FIVE TYPES OF VATA

  • Prana Vata
  • Udana Vata
  • Vyana Vata
  • Samana Vata
  • Apana Vata

PRANA VATA

Prana vayu is located in the head and it moves in the chest and throat.

  • It regulates will, sense organs, intellect, heart, and vision.
  • It is the causative agent for expectoration, belching, sneezing, inspiration and swallowing of food.

UDANA VATA

The site of udana vata is chest. It moves in the nose, umbilicus and throat.

It has functions like :

  • Vak (initiation of speech)
  •  Prayatna(efforts)
  • Urja(enthusiasm)
  • Bala(strength)
  • Varna (colour and complexion)
  • Smruti(memory)

VYANA VATA

Vyana vayu is located in the heart, and it moves all over the body in great speed.

It is responsible for the functions such as

  • Flexion and extension of the limbs/ locomotor action
  • Opening and closing of the eyelids etc.
  • Basically all the activities of the body are regulated by Vyana Vayu.

SAMANA VATA

Samana Vata resides near our  digestive fire. It moves all around in the Kostha (Gastrointestinal tract)

  • It receives the food into stomach
  • Improves and helps in digestion
  • Helps in the division of the food into useful part and waste part
  •  Moves these parts in their normal pathways.

APANA VATA

Apana Vata is located in the Apana region (large intestine), moves in the waist, bladder, genitals. It has functions like

  • Ejaculation
  • Defecation
  • Menstruation
  • Urination
  • Child birth.

FIVE TYPES OF PITTA

  • Pachaka Pitta
  • Ranjaka Pitta
  • Sadhaka Pitta
  • Alochaka Pitta
  • Bhrajaka Pitta

PACHAKA PITTA

It is located between Amashaya and pakvashaya (large intestine and stomach).

It is composed of all the five basic elements (Panchamaha Bhuta) but it has fire element in predominance and is devoid of water element.

 It is called Anala which means fire because of it is responsible for Paka (digestion) and transformation of food materials.

It is responsible for cooking the food, divides it into essence and waste part

It provides grace and influences rest other types of Pitta.

Therefore, Pachaka pitta is the best and dominant one among all types of Pitta.

RANJAKA PITTA

The pitta which is located in the Amashaya (stomach) is called as Ranjaka pitta.

It converts the useful part of the digested food into blood. Therefore it converts Rasa Dhatu into Rakta Dhatu.

SADHAKA PITTA

The pitta which is located in the Hrudaya(heart) is called as Sadhaka pitta.

It is responsible for mental functions such as :

  • Knowledge
  • Intelligence
  • Self- consciousness etc therefore, helping with the purpose and aims of life.

ALOCHAKA PITTA

It is located in the eyes. It helps with the vision and overall eye health

BHRAJAK PITTA

Bhrajak pitta resides in skin and helps in exhibition of skin color and complexion. 

FIVE TYPES OF KAPHA

  • AVALAMBAKA KAPHA
  • KLEDAK KAPHA
  • BODHAK KAPHA
  • TARPAKA KAPHA
  • SHLESHAKA KAPHA

AVALAMBAKA KAPHA

It resides in the chest and Trika pradesha (the meeting place of shoulder, neck and back).

By its innate capability and by the power of food essence

  • It has functions like lubrication, nourishing effect, that are attributed to water element.
  •  It also influences the proper functioning of other types of Kapha.

KLEDAKA KAPHA

It resides in the Amasaya (stomach). It provides moisture the hard food mass and helps with the digestion.

BODHAKA KAPHA

It resides in the tongue and it helps in taste perception.

TARPAKA KAPHA

It resides in the head and provides nourishment to the sense organs.

SHLESHAKA KAPHA

It resides in the bone joints. It provides lubrication for the smooth movements of joints and strengthens them.

Although, all three doshas are present all over the body, they are more dominant in specific areas of the body, as explained above.

QUALITIES THAT CAUSE

CHAYA, PRAKOPA AND SHAMAN OF TRIDOSHAS

  • CHAYA is the name of first level increase of Dosha in their own place. It provides a feeling of dislike against the things that would cause further increase of particular Dosha. It is a self defense mechanism of the body just to avoid further increase of Dosha, which can lead to disease.
  • KOPA/PRAKOPA is the increase and overflow of Doshas from its own place to other parts of the body. It has the potential to cause the disease. In this stage premonitory symptoms of the disease can be observed.
  • SHAMA/PRASHAMA is the state of normalcy,  alleviation of aggravated Dosha and restoration of health

VATA DOSHA

Ushna (hot) + Ruksha (dryness) and associated qualities cause Vata Chaya

Sheeta (cold) + Ruksha (dryness) and associated qualities cause Vata Kopa

Ushna (hot) + Snigdha (unctuous, oily) and associated qualities cause Vata shama.

PITTA DOSHA

Sheeta (cold) + Teekshna (piercing, strong) etc qualities cause Pitta Chaya

Ushna (hot) + Teekshna (piercing, strong) etc qualities cause Pitta Kopa

Sheeta (cold) + Manda (mild, dull) cause Pitta Shama.

KAPHA DOSHA

Sheeta (Cold) + Snigdha (unctuous, oily) cause Kapha Chaya

Ushna (hot) + Snigdha (unctuous, oily) cause Kapha Kopa

Ushna (hot) + Rooksha (dryness) cause Kapha Shama

Levels of Dosha Increase and Decrease

FLUCTUATIONS IN TRIDOSHAS IN DIFFERENT SEASONS

(CHAYA, PRAKOPA, PRASHAMA)

  • Vata Grisma (summer), Varsha (rainy), Sharat (Autumn)
  • Pitta Varsha (rainy season), Sharat (Autumn), Hemanta (early winters)
  • Kapha Shishira (winter), Vasanta (spring), Grishma (summer)

SYMPTOMS OF VITIATED DOSHAS

VITIATED VATA DOSHA

  • Sramsa – Ptosis/drooping down of eyelids
  • Vyasa – Dilation
  • Vyadha – Cutting pain
  • Swapa – loss of sensation
  • Sada – weakness, loss of function
  • Ruk – pain
  • Toda – continuous pain
  • Bhedanam – splitting pain
  • Sanga – Constriction,
  • Angabhanga – bodyache,
  • Sankocha – shrinking of the organ/reduction in original  size
  • Varta – twisting og the body parts
  • Harshana – Tingling sensation
  • Tarshana – thirst
  • Kampa – tremors
  • Parushya – roughness
  • Saushirya – feeling of empty
  • Shosha – dryness
  • Spandana – pulsating
  • Veshtana – rigidity, as if tied
  • Sthambha – stiffness
  • Kashaya rasata – astringent taste in mouth
  • Aruna, Shyava Varna – Appearance of blue or crimson discoloration in the body

SYMPTOMS OF VITIATED PITTA

  • Daha – burning sensation
  • Raga – reddish discoloration
  • Ushmapakita – heat, increase in temperature, formation of pus or formation of ulcers in body
  • Sveda – sweating
  • Kleda – inflammation with wetness or moistness
  • Sruti – inflammation with pus / oozing / secretions or exudation
  • Kotha – Putrefaction or decomposition
  • Sadana – Debility
  • Murchana –  fainting
  • Mada – toxicity
  • Katuka Amla Rasa – bitter and sour taste in the mouth
  • Pandu Aruna Varjitaha – Appearance of color other than yellowish white and crimson.

SYMPTOMS OF VITIATED KAPHA DOSHA

  • Sneha – unctuousness or oilyness in body parts
  • Kathinya – hardness
  • Kandu – itching
  • Sheetatva – coldness
  • Gaurava – heavyness
  • Bandha – obstruction,
  • Upalepa – Feeling of coating or feeling as if body is covered with a wet cloth
  • Staimitya – stiffness in bones or joints, loss of movement
  • Shopha – inflammation in the body
  • Apakti – indigestion
  • Atinidrata – excessive sleep
  • Shveta varna – white discolouration in the body parts
  • Svadu lavana rasa – sweet, salty taste in mouth
  • Chirakarita – delay in all activities.