TRIPHALA

  1. Amalaki
  2. Hritaki
  3. Bibhitaki

DESCRIPTION

1. AMALAKI

Amla is also known as Indian gooseberries. The Amla contains Vitamin C.

SYNONYMS OF AMLA:-

  • Phyllanthus emblica
  • Emblic
  • Emblic myrobalan
  • Myrobalan
  • Indian gooseberry
  • Malacca tree
  • Cicca emblica (L.) Kurz
  • Diasperus emblica (L.) Kuntze
  • Dichelactina nodicaulis Hance
  • Emblica arborea Raf.
  • Emblica officinalis Gaertn.
  • Phyllanthus glomeratus Roxb. ex Wall. nom. inval.
  • Phyllanthus mairei H.Lév.
  • Phyllanthus mimosifolius Salisb.
  • Phyllanthus taxifolius D.Don

SANSKRIT NAME OF AMLA:-

  • Amalaki

SCIENTIFIC NAME:-

  • Phyllanthus Emblica

CLASSIFICATION OF AMLA:-

  • Kingdom – Plantae
  • Division – Magnoliophyte
  • Class – Magnoliopsida
  • Higher Classification – Leafflower
  • Order – Malpighiales
  • Family – Phyllanthaceae
  • Genus – Phyllanthus  
  • Species – emblica

AYURVEDIC PROPERTIES OF AMLA:-

Rasa (Taste) Madhura, Amla, Katu, Tikta, Kashaya
Guna (Property) Laghu, Ruksha
Virya (Potency) Sheeta
Vipaka (Post Digestion Effects) Madhura

 USES OF AMLA:-

  • The Amla has immuno-booster and it helps to body recover from illness
  • The Amla has several health benefits
  • The Amlka is helpful in improve memory
  • The benefits of amla in type 2 diabetes patients, it controls the blood sugar levels
  • Amla regulate bowel movements and it help to relieve in conditions like irritable bowel syndrome.
  • Amla berries contains fibers that helps the body High levels of vitamin C, so it helps to body absorb other nutrients like iron and mineral supplements
  • The Amla berries are rich in vitamin A and this improving the eye health
  • Amla helps to improves the vision
  • Amla lower the risk of age-related macular degeneration
  • This acts as a good antibiotics by fighting bacteria
  • It protect from conjunctivitis (pink eye)
  • Amla treats eyes infections and other infections of the body

2. HARITAKI

Haritaki is also known as Terminalia chebula.

SYNONYMS OF HARITAKI:-

  • Haritakiare Abhya
  • Pathya
  • Kayastha
  • Putna
  • Amrita
  • Haimvati
  • Avyatha
  • Chetki
  • Sreyasi
  • Shiva
  • Vayastha
  • Vijiya
  • Jivanti
  • Rohini

REGIONAL NAMES OF HARITAKI:-

  • English name:- Indian walnut, Indian hot plum
  • Hindi name:- Harad
  • Telugu:- Karakkaya
  • Tamil:- Kadukkai
  • Gujarati:- Harade, Hardi, Harara
  • Arbian:- Heleelaz
  • Farsi:- Hallel
  • Assam:- Shilikha
  • Kannada:- Ordo, Hardi
  • Malayalam:- Kadukka
  • Marathi:- Hirda
  • Persian:- Halela

 CLASSIFICATION OF HARITAKI:-

  • Kingdom – Plantae
  • Subkingdom – Spermatophya
  • Division – Magnoliphyta
  • Class – Magnoliopsida
  • Subclass – Rosida
  • Order – Myrtales
  • Family – Combretaceae
  • Genus – Terminalia L.
  • Species – T. chebula

AYURVEDIC PROPERTIES OF HARITAKI:-

Rasa (Taste) Madhur, Amal, Katu, Tikta, Kashay
Guna (Property) Ruksha, Laghu
Virya (Potency) Ushna
Vipaka (Post Digestion Effects) Madhur

USES OF HARITAKI:-

  • Haritaki is used to treat indigestion and gastric problems
  • Haritaki is used in the treatment of lung disease like Asthma, cold and cough
  • This helps to reduce the body weight in the patients of obesity
  • It also cures vision defects
  • It treats urinary tract infections
  • Haritaki is also very helpful in all types of skin infections
  • This is used in hair problems
  • It helps to controls acidity
  • Haritaki prevents Diabetes as it helps to regulate the blood sugar levels and decrease resistance in the body
  • Haritaki churna is used to purify the blood
  • Haritaki makes the heart muscles stronger
  • It also cleans the arteries of the heart
  • It helps to maintain the blood pressure
  • This improves the absorption of fluid
  • It increases the digestive enzymes and improves digestion
  • Haritaki has brain-boosting properties
  • It is a powerful antioxidant
  • Haritaki progression the neurogenerative disorders like Parkinson disease
  • Haritaki plant contains neuroprotective elements, and it helps to prevent loss of memory
  • It also relieves the tension from the brain
  • Haritaki also boosts sexual health and stamina of both male and female
  • It also works as memory boosting food
  • It also improves the fertility of both male and female
  • It treats several reproductive diseases
  • Haritaki improving the gut health
  • This helps to treat many gastric disorders like diarrhea, flatulence, esophagitis, heartburn, peptic ulcers, gastroesophageal reflux disorder, indigestion, constipation, and stomach pain
  • It also helps to eliminate abdominal gas and reduces abdominal distension, gaseous cramps, and bloating
  • Haritaki plays the role of strong anti-bacterial, anti-viral, and anti-fungal
  • It helps to remove the germs and bacteria from the body
  • It also treats the wound and improves healing
  • Haritaki contains a bioactive compound that treats various skin problems like sores, ulcers, and skin fungal, etc
  • Haritaki provides the hair health
  • It also strengthens the hairs from their roots
  • It prevents hairs from breakage and loss of hairs
  • This also provides silky soft and smooth hairs
  • Haritaki provides a healthy heart as it reduces the risk of heart attacks, heart blocks, blood clots, and atherosclerosis
  • It is used to balancing the Vata and pitta disorders
  • It prevents malnutrition
  • Haritaki also prevents the stiffness of joints and fatigue

3. BIBHITAKI

SYNONYME OF BIBHITAKI:-

  • English names – bahera or beleric or bastard myrobalan
  • Malayalam – Tanikaya
  • Telugu – Taddi
  • Tamil – Todikai
  • Bengali – Taida
  • Gujrati – Baheda
  • Hindi – Bahera
  • Kannada – Tare Kayl

SANSKRIT SYNONYMS:-

  • Aksha
  • Karshaphala
  • Bhootavasa
  • Kalidruma
  • Kaliyugalaya

SCIENTIFIC CLASSIFICATION:-

  • Kingdom – Plantae
  • Clade – Angiosperms
  • Clade – Eudicots
  • Clade – Rosida
  • Order – Myrtales
  • Family – Combretaceae
  • Genus – Terminalia
  • Species – T. bellirica

CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS:-

  • Chebulagic Acid
  • Chebulinic Acid
  • Gallotannins
  • Ellagic Acid
  • Anthroquinone glycosides
  • Tri-Terpenoids
  • Bellericoside
  • Bellericanin
  • Termilignan
  • Thannilignan

AYURVEDIC PROPERTIES OF BIBHITAKI:-

Rasa (Taste) Kashaya (Astringent)
Guna (Property) Ruksha (Dry), Laghu (Light)
Virya (Potency) Ushna (Hot)
Vipaka (Post Digestion Effect) Madhur (Sweet)

USES OF BIBHITAKI:-

  • Bibhitaki Is used in purgation therapy
  • Bibhitaki is useful in the treat respiratory problems like cough, hoarseness of voice, and asthma
  • This is used in hair problems
  • Bibhitaki is also used to pacify kapha dosha and vata dosha
  • Bibhitaki helps to reduce cholesterol level in blood as it has anti atherogenic agents
  • It is a natural blood purifier
  • Its dietary fibers are good for digestive system
  • It helps to relieve constipation
  • Bibhitaki is a natural laxative and used for purgation therapy
  • It is also a good skin tonic
  • Bibhitaki cure many types of skin allergies
  • Bibhitaki contains anti-bacterial properties
  • It helps to heal acne and ulcer spotted skin
  • This also used to treat sore throat and gingivitis
  • It helps to expel out extra mucus from the respiratory track
  • Bibhitaki is a great immuno booster
  • Regular use of Bibhitaki is very beneficial for the health
  • Bibhitaki is very good remedy for diabetes, it regulate the glucose levels in blood as it decrease the sensitivity of insulin
  • Bibhitaki is a good pain killer
  • It has anti-inflammatory properties
  • Bibhitaki is also used to treat rheumatism
  • The paste of Bibhitaki fruit is applied over the eyelids to treat the conjunctivitis, corneal opacity, and cataract, etc
  • It has anti-diarrheal properties
  • Bibhitaki helps to enhance mental focus and alertness as it has adaptogenic behavior
  • It helps to regulate blood pressure
  • Vibhita has hepato protective properties due to the presence of gallic acid in Bibhitaki
  • Bibhitaki has properties of anti-helminthic, anti-fungal
  • It has also anti-malarial properties
  • Bibhitaki contains gallotannins which is used in the treatment of Parkinson disease, Alzheimer disease, and retro degenerative diseases.