Ajwain / Trachyspermum ammi


Botanical description of Ajwain

  • Scientific Name- Trachyspermum ammi
  • Plant Family- Apiaceae
  • Botanical Classification (Taxonomy)
  • Class- Magnoliopsida
  • Super Order- Asteranae
  • Order- Apiales
  • Family- Apiaceae
  • Super Division- Embryophyta
  • Division- Tracheophyta (Tracheophytes or Vascular Plants)
  • Sub Division- Spermatophytina (Spermatophytes or Seed Plants)
  • Kingdom- Plantae
  • Sub-Kingdom- Viridiplantae
  • Infra Kingdom- Streptophyta (Land Plants)
  • Genus- Trachyspermum (Ajowan Caraway)
  • Species- Trachyspermum Ammi


Ajwain is also known as carom seeds or ajowan caraway. It is an Indian spice and its ayurvedic medicines formulated with these are used in digestive ailment, mental diseases, and respiratory disorders.

It is also a common home remedy used for a variety of health conditions such as abdominal pain, cramps, intestinal gas, indigestion, vomiting, abdominal distension, diarrhea, loose stool, breathing trouble and heaviness in the abdomen after a meal.

Names in different languages:

  • English name- Carom seeds
  • Hindi name- Ajvain, Javaayin, Jabaayan, Ajavan, Ajwain, Ajovaam
  • Punjabi name- Jabain
  • Tamil name: Oman, Amam, Ajamo, Aman
  • Kannada name: Oma, Omada kalu
  • Bengali name: Yoyaan, Yamaarni, Jovaan, Yamaarni
  • Farsi name: Nanakhaha
  • Malayalam: Omam
  • Telgu name: Omasu, Omami, Vamu, Oma
  • Gujarati name: Javaain, Ajamaa, Ajamo, Yavaan

Its Sanskrit synonyms:

Teevragandha, Ajamodika, Yavanaka, Yavasahva, Bhumikadambaka, Yavagraja, Deepyaka, Brahmadarbha, Bhutika, Yavashavaya, and ugragandha (strong odor)

What are the medicinal properties of ajwain?

  • Rasa (Taste)- Tika (bitter) and Katu (pungent)
  • Guna (Qualities)- Teekshan (piercing and enters into deep tissues), Laghu (light to digest) and Rooksha (dryness)
  • Veerya (Potency)- Ushna (hot)
  • Vipaka (taste conversion after digestion)- Katu (pungent)

Its benefits:

  1. Gulma- Bloating and abdominal tumor
  2. Udara- Ascites
  3. Ruchya- Improves the taste
  4. Anaha- Abdominal bloating
  5. Deepani- Improves the digestive strength
  6. Krumi- Worm infestation
  7. Vishamaya- Poisoning, toxic conditions
  8. Shula- Abdominal colic pain
  9. Shukrahara- Decreases semen
  10. Shulahara- Treats abdominal colic pain
  11. Pleeha- Splenomegaly

What are the medicinal uses of ajwain?

Ajwain has the following healing properties:

  • Antioxidant
  • Anthelmintic
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Anti-arthritic
  • Antiflatulent
  • Antispasmodic
  • Digestive Stimulant
  • Hypo-glycemic
  • Analgesic
  • Carminative
  • Muscle relaxant
  • Galactagogue
  • Emmenagogue
  • Antifungal
  • Antimicrobial
  • Antihypertensive
  • Bronchodilator
  • Antifilarial
  • Diuretic
  • Cardiac Stimulant

Culinary uses of Ajwain are:

Ajwain has great importance in Indian cooking that provides flavor and fragrance to food recipes. It also provides a unique taste to chapattis and recipes. It also Prevents Indigestion, abdominal pain, and all other abdominal disorders.

What are the therapeutic Indications of Ajwain?

Ajwain can be used in the following health conditions like:

  • Digestive Health
  • Loss of appetite
  • Indigestion
  • Gas or flatulence
  • Bloating
  • Distension of abdomen
  • Loose stools or diarrhea
  • Abdominal cramps
  • Intestinal parasites
  • Heart and Blood-related disorders like High cholesterol levels, Atherosclerosis, Bradycardia (Slow Heart Rate)
  • Lungs and airways like Chronic cough, Asthma, Productive cough with foul smelly sputum, Muscle,
  • Bones and Joints like muscle spasm, rheumatoid arthritis
  • Gout (used with celery seeds)
  • Women’s Health
  • Secondary amenorrhea
  • Premenstrual syndrome (PMS)
  • Backache during periods
  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)

Its therapeutic uses:

1. Ajwain Water for babies

Ajwain water is a milder remedy for infantile colic that alleviates abdominal pain in babies. It can be used in combination with fennel water for getting quick results. It works effectively in pain occurs due to excess intestinal gas and ingestion.


2. Intestinal Gas & Flatulence

It can be used to treat gas and flatulence as it reduces the gas formation in the abdomen and releases the already formed in the intestine. It also has carminative and antiflatulent properties on the body which gives very good results.


3. Heaviness in the abdomen

The most important benefits of drinking ajwain water are it helps in relieving abdominal heaviness and bloating. It generally occurs after taking a meal in most people. In this case, you should drink ajwain water immediately after a meal.


4. Ajwain Water for Constipation

If you have improper bowel movements and suffer from mucus discharge in the stool, then Ajwain water is the best remedy for relieving constipation. You have to drink this water once a day at night in a dosage of 120 ml before bedtime. It will improve the liver functions, increases the digestive fire and you will start getting proper bowel movements in the morning.

Shirashool (Headache) – Causes, Symptoms & Panchkarma Treatment

Before explaining anything about Shirashool (Headache), first have a look on below given picture.

Headache is a simple symptom that represents numerous diseases and on that point, it becomes more difficult to differentiate. In Ayurveda Headache discussed as Shira Shool. There are so many diseases and conditions where headache is a major symptom.

Causes for Headache

Shirshool, Headache, Head Pain, Causes, Symptoms, Panchkarma treatment, Ayurvedic treatmentImproper diet and lifestyle causes vitiation of the vata and kapha. Vata is obstructed by the kapha in the head region, causing headache. As the pain intensifies, vata also vitiates pitta dosha, causing a burning sensation in the head, nausea and vomiting. Headache is also often caused by emotional stress, overwork or insomnia.

As per ayurved the major causes for headache are weakness of nervous system and improper digestion. Due to irregular diet habbits food does not digest properly and go on accumulating in amashaya (stomach) causing ama formation in body. This ama accumulates in manavaha shrots causing weakness of nervous system and causes headache.

Life style causes for headache like high blood pressure, loss of sleep, weak eyesight, sinusitis, hunger, anemia, listening to loud music, studying in improper light, emotional strain, overwork, constipation, and flatulence.

Signs and Symptoms

  • Heaviness of headache
  • Headache either half or full headache
  • Giddiness, eye pain

Types of Headache

Vataja, pittaja, kaphaja, dwandaja, sannipattaj, ardhavabhedhaka, suryavrta


Aim of treatment is to improve the digestion, acidity, and constipation. It cures the ama formed in body and by treating the causative factor headache cured by itself.

Panchakarma treatment

  • Shirodhara – Pouring of medicated oils over head in a cyclic method.
  • Shiropicchu – Keeping the cotton pad dipped in medicated oil for specific time duration.
  • Shiro abhyanga – Proper head massage
  • Shiro vasti – Keeping the oil over head by preparing the boundary around head

These main  procedures which are very useful in headache and all other stress factor which is causing headache.

These panchakarma procedure relief the factor like loss of sleep, mental stress and weakness of eyesight.

Diet & Lifestyle Advice

  • Have warm and easily digestible foods, boiled and steamed vegetables, soups, vegetable juices and whole-wheat flour.
  • Eat fruits like apples, papayas, mangoes, pears.
  • Buttermilk, salads, and boiled rice sautéed with cinnamon, cumin seeds and garlic or hing are good in the daytime.
  • Avoid spicy, oily and junk food.
  • Avoid intake of curd specially in night time.
  • Avoid working for long hours continuously.
  • Always have a good sleep in night, over working in night time and awaking in night time for long time.
  • Avoid exposure to direct sunlight, cold wind exposure.
  • Avoid loud music, reading in low light, reading in improper position.

Menstrual Cramps (Dysmenorrhea) – Causes, Symptoms, Prevention and Natural Treatment

It is the pain or discomfort (cramps) during or just before a menstrual period.

Dysmenorrhea, Menstrual Cramps

Symptoms of Menstrual Cramps

  • Abdominal cramps
  • Pain confined to lower abdomen
  • Nausea, vomiting, fatigue, diarrhea
  • Headache, constipation
  • Tenderness in breast, swollen abdomen
  • General stiffness, back-ache, moist skin
  • Fast heart Rate, anxiety

Causes of Menstrual Cramps

  • Fear, Tension, Hormonal imbalances, uterine fibroid
  • Infection of uterus lining, fallopian tubes or ovaries
  • Miscarriage, Smoking, Low calcium diet
  • Ovarian cyst, Intra uterine device
  • Cessation of oral contraceptive pills
  • Alcoholism, Psychogenic, Irregular period

Natural Treatment for Menstrual Cramps

Herbs & Supplements for Menstrual Cramps

  • Jatamansi
  • Brahmi
  • Pippali
  • Shatavari
  • Guggulu

Mind & Body Approach

  • Pranayamas
  • Bhramari
  • Nadi Shodhna
  • Ujjayi


  • Vajra Aasna
  • Shashanka Aasna
  • Bhujang Aasna
  • Sarvang Aasna
  • Siddha yoni Aasna
  • Abdominal breathing in shava
  • Chakr Aasna

Relaxation Therapy

  • Yoga Nidra
  • Meditation

Diet in Menstrual Cramps


  • Light vegetarian diet
  • Fruits, Grains
  • Calcium supplements
  • Iron enriched diet
  • Lightly cooked foods, raw vegetables


  • Meat, Coffee
  • Soft drink, Alcohol
  • Processed & artificial foods
  • Junk foods

Prevention for Menstrual Cramps

  • Regular exercise
  • Smoking, Hot bath
  • Placing heat pad on abdomen.