RHINITIS (PRATISHYEYA)


Rhinitis is irritation and growing of the mucous layer of the nose, described by a runny nose and stodginess and ordinarily brought about by the regular cold or an occasional hypersensitivity.

Pratishaya being the main disease of the nose has been clarified in all the Ayurveda texts. The fundamental pathology in pratishyaya is in the nasamoola i.e., the nasal mucosa which can be straightforwardly associated to Rhinitis.

TYPES OF RHINITIS

Rhinitis is normally ordered into two principle bunches relying upon the hidden reason:

  • Allergic rhinitis (roughage fever) is brought about by an unfavorably susceptible reaction to explicit allergens, similar to dust, residue, or pet dander. During a hypersensitive reaction, your body’s invulnerable framework is going overboard to the presence of one of these allergens noticeable all around.
  • Non-allergic rhinitis is any type of rhinitis that doesn’t include your body’s insusceptible framework. It’s frequently set off by ecological issues, similar to air contamination, tobacco smoke, or solid scents. At times, a reason can’t be distinguished.

SAMPRAPTI OF PRATISHEYA

CAUSES OF PRATISHEYA

AHAR – DIET FACTORS:

  1. Water –
  • Drinking water from a better place or a changed climate, the body isn’t utilized to.
  • Drinking a lot of water
  • Drinking cold water or warm and cold water alternately
  • Drinking abundance of water after suppers
  1. Consuming master, madhur, sheet and rooksha ahariya dravyas which cause vitiation of all the three doshas particularly vata and kapha.
  2. In little kids devouring bosom milk of various moms or burning-through misleadingly arranged milk.
  3. Eating too hot or too cold etables.
  4. Vishamashana when there is agnimandya.

VIHAR:-

  • Staying in a climate where the air is underneath typical room temperature.
  • Rajo sevan – remaining in a climate where the air is debased and loaded with allergens and microorganisms.
  • Rest problems like a lot of rest or no rest when required.
  • Working in a climate where the temperature is outrageous either excessively cold or too hot.
  • Dozing in an off-base stance will cause stagnation of emissions in the nose and post nasal release prompting disease of the deteriorated secretions
  • In little kids – when they rest during taking care of and they don’t swallow as expected every one of the feeds and the doshas get gathered and can undoubtedly get infected.
  • Wrong washing propensities like having a shower now and then with boiling water and now and again with cold water. Having a shower when there is heartburn or subsequent to having hefty dinners or when there is agnimandya.

AYOGYA UPCHAR

  • Taking incorrectly treatments like dhoomapana, bashpa sweda without clinical advice.
  • Taking nasya chikitsa when contraindicated.

SIGN & SYMPTOMS OF RHINITIS

  • Cerebral pain or greatness in the head
  • Abnormalities in the smell sensation – hyposmia or anosmia
  • Kasa
  • Change in voice
  • Malaise and body throb
  • Excessive thirst
  • All the indriyas can’t play out their ordinary functions
  • Nasal obstruction
  • Stagnation of vitiated doshas and powerlessness to eliminate the deteriorated doshas
  • Irritation in the sense of taste and throat

SIGNS:

Local – Expansion in the discharges of the nose. The emissions in the underlying stage are watery and later get tacky, purulent and now and then blood stained. – Nasapaka and nasa daha – consuming sensation and aggravation in the nose – Congestion of the nasal mucosa.

TREATMENT OF PRATISHYAYA (RHINITIS)

The initial phase in the treatment is Nidana-Parivarjan. As it were neighborhood treatment isn’t sufficient to treat the illness, oral medicine is additionally essential which assists with eliminating the pathology and furthermore improves the insusceptibility status.

  • Tikshna dhoompana
  • Use of Katu Aushadi
  • Nasya
  • Kavala
  • Shirovirechana
  1. Nasya – Rasanjan, Atish, Musta, Devdaru scoured and blend in Tila taila and water utilized for Nasya. Jangal meat, milk, Dashmool, Vidharigandhadi gana drugs scoured and blend with Eladigana drugs and ghee, utilized for Nasya.
  2. Kavala – Decoction of Nagarmotha, Tejovati, Pattha, Katphala, Katuka, Vacha, Sarspa, Pippalimoola, Pippali, Sandhav, Chitraka, Tutha, Kranja, Lavan, Devdaru. Additionally, utilized as Shirovirechan (Taila planning).