PANCRITITIS

  • Pancreatitis is inflammation in the pancreas.
  • The pancreas long in length, flat gland that presents behind the stomach in the upper abdomen. The pancreas produces enzymes that help in digestion and hormones that help regulate body sugar levels.
  • The digestive enzymes are produced via the pancreatic duct into the small intestine where they activated and helps to break down the fats and proteins.
  • The pancreatic hormones insulin and glucagon produced by the pancreas released into the bloodstream regulate blood sugar levels.

TYPES OF PANCREATITIS

  1. Acute pancreatitis – inflammation of the pancreas that appears suddenly and lasts for days.
  2. Chronic pancreatitis – It occurs after multiple episodes of acute pancreatitis, and lasts for months or several years.

CAUSES OF PANCREATITIS

  • The causes of pancreatitis include:
  • Alcohol consumption
  • Gallstones
  • High triglyceride levels
  • Abdominal injury or surgery
  • Certain medications
  • Exposure to certain chemicals
  • Smoking
  • Family history of pancreatitis
  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Pancreatic cancer

ACUTE PANCREATITIS

In acute pancreatitis, there is inflammation of the pancreas that develops quickly, and lasts for few days but sometimes it becomes serious.

CAUSES

  • Gallstone – A gallstone can pass through the bile duct and out into part of the gut just after the duodenum). In general, it does not cause any problem. However, in some people, a gallstone becomes stuck in the bile duct, where the bile duct and pancreatic duct open into the duodenum. This gallstone affects the enzymes or the chemical present in the pancreatic duct or even blocks their path completely.
  • Alcohol – acute pancreatitis is associated with alcohol. Alcohol does not damage the cells of the pancreas, it makes pancreatic cells more sensitive to damage from other causes such as smoking and others.
  • High level of fats in the blood

Uncommon causes 

  • Viral infections (mumps virus, HIV).
  • A rare side-effect to some medicines.
  • Injury or surgery around the pancreas.
  • Infections with parasites
  • High blood calcium levels.
  • Abnormal structure of the pancreas.

ETIOPATHOGENESIS OF ACUTE PANCREATITIS

SYMPTOMS 

  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Diarrhea
  • Loss of appetite
  • Rapid pulse
  • Pain with coughing,
  • Deep breathing
  • Tenderness when the abdomen is touched
  • Fever
  • Jaundice,
  • Blood pressure may fall or rise.

CHRONIC PANCREATITIS

  • Chronic pancreatitis means inflammation of the pancreas that doesn’t improve over time.
  • It considered chronic when it coming back or when the inflammation does not heal for months or years. It may lead to permanent scarring and damage to the pancreas.
  • Calcium stones and cysts may develop in the pancreas, which can block the pancreatic duct, the tube that carries digestive hormones and juices to your stomach.

CAUSES OF CHRONIC PANCREATITIS

  • Alcohol abuse
  • Autoimmune disease inflammatory bowel syndrome, primary biliary cholangitis
  • Other causes include:
  • A narrow pancreatic duct,
  • Blockage of the pancreatic duct either due to gallstones or pancreatic stones,
  • Cystic fibrosis,
  • Genetics
  • High level of calcium in the blood, which is called hypocalcaemia,
  • A high level of triglyceride fats in the blood, which is called hypertriglyceridemia

SYMPTOMS

  • Pain in the upper abdomen
  • Diarrhea
  • Fatty stools, loose stools, pale stool, which don’t flush away easily,
  • Nausea and vomiting,
  • Shortness of breath,
  • Weight loss,
  • Excessive thirst and fatgue,
  • Severe symptoms as the disease progresses, such as:
  • Pancreatic fluids in your abdomen,
  • Jaundice, which is characterized by a yellowish discoloration in your eyes and skin,
  • Internal bleeding,
  • Intestinal blockage.

COMPLICATIONS

  • Stress
  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Pseudo cysts
  • Pancreatic cancer
  • Diabetes
  • Infection of pancreas
  • Kidney failure
  • Malnutrition
  • Pancreatic necrosis
  • Breathing problems due to chemical changes that occur in the body affect your lungs

DIAGNOSIS

  • Ultrasound scan – High-frequency sound waves create an image on a screen of the pancreas and its surroundings.
  • CT scan – X-rays are used to take 3D images of the pancreas from several angles.
  • Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) scan – This scan shows clear pictures of bile and pancreatic ducts.
  • An endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) scan – An endoscope is inserted into the digestive system to diagnose pancreatitis.

PREVENTION

  • Stop alcohol abuse,
  • Stop smoking.

TREATMENT

  • Liver Care Syrup – Liver Care Syrup is a herbo-mineral Syrup which is purely ayurvedic formulation. CAC Liver Care syrup helps in balancing Pitta dosha. This Syrup enhances regeneration of liver cells, promote functions of liver, and improve blood flow from the liver. It helps in the treatment of fatty liver, liver cirrhosis, Hepatitis, hepatomegaly, and obstructive Jaundice. CAC Liver Care syrup contains Ingredients like Kalmegh (Andrographis paniculata), Kutaki(Picrorhiza kurroa), Bhumi amla( phyllanthus niruri), Giloy(Tinopora Cordifolia), Yavakshar( Hordeum vulgare), Imli Kshar( Tamarindus indica), Mukta Shukta pisti etc. These herbs shows Antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, Hepato-protective, properties. This syrup improves digestion, enhances appetite.
    Recommended dosage: Take 1 tablespoon twice daily with normal water.
  •  Kaishore Guggulu – Kaishore Guggulu is a herbo- mineral 650 MG tablet. CAC Kaishore Guggulu tablet helps in balancing Pitta dosha in our body. Kaishore guggulu is an ayurvedic guggul formulation used for raised uric acid, Blood purification, mild to severe attacks of Gouty arthritis, inflammatory diseases, Wounds, Indigestion, Constipation, Loss of appetite, Diabetic carbuncles etc. Kaishore guggulu contains pure herbal ingredients such as Guduchi (Tinospora cordifolia), Amla (Emblica officinalis), Bibhitaki (Terminalia bellirica), Haritaki (Terminalia chebula), Shuddha Guggulu (Commiphora mukul), Shunthi (Zingiber Officinale), Kalimirch (Piper Nigrum), Pipali (Piper Longum), Vidanga (Embelia Ribes), Nisoth (Operculina Turpethum), Danti Mool (Baliospermum Montanum), Goghrita etc. These herbs helps in regulating metabolism, cleans out toxins from the body and boosts immunity.
    Recommended dosage: Take 1 tablet twice daily with normal water.
  • Trikatu Tablet – Trikatu Tablet is a hebo-mineral tablet of 650 MG and is purely Ayurvedic formulation. CAC Trikatu Tablet helps to eliminate excess Kapha or mucous from the body, supports respiratory system, manages weight, helps to take out impurities or ama from the body, supports healthy detoxification, reduces swelling. It shows anti-inflammatory, analgesic, expectorant, antioxidant properties. This tablet is made up of equal parts of three herbs such as Pippali (Piper longum), Shunthi (Zingiber officinale), & Marich (Piper nigrum) that maintains the metabolism in the body. The regular use of this tablet balances the thyroxine hormone and treats hyperthyroidism naturally. It is an Appetizer and it improves digestion, supports normal gastric function, and normal circulation.
    Recommended dosage: Take 1 tablet twice daily with normal water.
  • Kanchnar Guggul – Kanchnar Guggul is an Ayurvedic and Herbal medicine. It is available in the form of a tablet and it is to be taken orally. They are processed by decreasing the decoction of vegetable substances to a thick density and after pouring some powders for creating a pill mass. CAC Kanchnar guggul is pure herbal medicines which checks and treats any kind of abnormal growth in the body, healing of ulcers, thyroid disorders, hernia, lesions and cancer. All kind of unwanted growth and fluid retentions in the body is treated by CAC Kanchnar Guggul and it reduces all kinds of lumps in the body.
    Recommended dosage: Take 1 tablet twice daily with normal water.
  • Kapha Balance Tablet – Kapha tablet is a healthy blend of herbs formulated to balance Kapha doshas without aggravating Pitta and Vata doshas. It can also be used to alleviate any temporary Kapha imbalance. It is very effective in Kapha season that is late winter and spring. It consists of warming and astringent herbs that help to balance the system throughout the cold season. The main use of Kapha tablets is to remove excess Kapha doshas from the system and helps in the management of weight, healthy lungs, and the immune system.
    Recommended dosage: Take 1 tablet twice daily with normal water.