Osteoarthritis (Sandhigat Vata)


Osteoarthritis (OA) is a type of joint inflammation that includes the breakdown and inevitable loss of the ligament of at least one joints.

Sandhigatavata is a sickness wherein Vata influences the Joints and cause torment, expanding and torment on Joint developments. It has numerous causes including Dhathukshaya and injury. The contemporary treatment for this condition incorporates analgesics and calcium supplements.

Osteoarthritis is a vata overwhelming condition and the characteristics of vata are cool, dry and reliably moving; it tends to be perceived that specific dietary and different components can be related with Osteoarthritis: for example Extreme utilization of dry, cold or lifeless food, openness to serious cold and dry climate, exorbitant utilization of joints (monotonous exercise that puts strain on joints and exasperates vata), overweight-weight and joint injury.

Causes of Osteoarthritis

The following are some of the most common risk factors for osteoarthritis:

  • Age – Osteoarthritis is more common among the elderly, but even young adults can develop osteoarthritis.
  • Obesity – Excessive weight can put stress on joints and promote cartilage damage.
  • Injury – Significant injury, such as ligament damage, can eventually lead to osteoarthritis.
  • Gender – Women are more likely to develop osteoarthritis.
  • Heredity – Slight joint defects or increased joint mobility (“double-jointed”) may contribute to the development of osteoarthritis.
  • Muscle weakness.
  • Scoliosis or other curvatures of the spine.
  • Birth defects that affect the hip joint, such as congenital hip dysplasia or congenital dislocation.

Signs and symptoms

The most widely recognized signs and indications of osteoarthritis include:

  • Pain is the most widely recognized manifestation of osteoarthritis. It is generally aggravated by moving the joint or setting weight on it, and it is normally diminished by rest. As the condition advances and aggravation creates, agony may get consistent.
  • Solidness of the influenced joint is frequently seen first thing, and in the wake of resting.
  • Expanding, which is in some cases warm to contact, might be observable in a ligament joint.
  • Distortion can happen with osteoarthritis because of bone developments (bone prods) and ligament misfortune. Degeneration of knee ligament can bring about the outward bend of knees (bow-leggedness).
  • Squeaking and breaking (a popping sound or grinding feeling) might be seen when a ligament joint is moved. This is brought about by bone scouring against bone or roughened ligament.
  • Loss of adaptability makes it harder to move a ligament joint through its full scope of movement.

Management of Osteoarthritis

Sandhigatavata goes under the overall arrangement of Vatavikara (Vatic afflictions), all the treatment modalities like Snehana (inner and outside oleation), Swedana (Sudation) and vasti karma are profoundly valuable.

Panchakarma modalities of treatment being clarified in Asthivaha srotogata vikaras (Disorders of Channels of bone tissue) by Acharya Charaka.Further he has accentuated the tikta rasa dravyasadhita vastikarma (Enema treatment with drug having harsh insight regarding) something very similar.

Outer oleation treatments in bone and bone marrow tissue related diseases. Here inward oleation incorporate snehapana (drinking of cured ghee, oil and so on), vastikarma (fat purification) and so on Outer oleation treatment incorporate Abhyanga (Oil rub), Januvasti (Retaining cured fluid over the knee joint in a particular way), Januseka (Pouring of cured fluid on knee) and so forth

Snehana (Oleation), Upanaha (A sort of sudation), Agni Karma (Cauterization), Bandhana (Bandaging) and Mardana (A sort of back rub method) are the treatment modalities referenced by Acharya Sushruta.

Diet for Osteoarthritis

Do’s: 

  • Intake of Madhura (sweet), Amla (harsh), Lavana (salt) and Snigdha (unctuous) food, Garlic,
  • Ginger, Hingu, Black pepper and so forth
  • Regular propensity for Exercising;
  • Maintaining ideal weight;
  • Avoiding unnecessary tedious movements;
  • Healthy eating regimen;
  • Protecting a harmed joint from additional harm

Don’ts: 

  • Long fasting and abundance of substantial food
  • Awakening around evening time (Ratri jagaran),
  • Vega-vidharana (concealment of regular desires),
  • Stress,
  • Prolonged standing,
  • Over effort and injury to joints