Oligozoospermia, Causes, Symptoms and Herbal Treatment

It is defined as decreased numbers of sperm in the ejaculate (< 15 million sperm/mL), which is further subdivided depending on the number of sperm into mild (10–15 million sperm/mL), moderate (5–10 million sperm/mL), and severe (< 5 million sperm/mL). Lack of sperm means that less sperm is found in the semen coming out of the penis of men during the sexual process. The problem of low sperm count i.e. low sperm count is called Oligospermia.

If not a single sperm is found in the semen of a male, it is called Azoospermia. But even then, one should not be disappointed, many people also have cryofospermia.

What is the number of normal sperm count?

Normal sperm count in a man’s semen ranges from 15 million sperm to more than 200 million sperm per milliliter (ML).

If a male semen has less than 15 million sperm in one milliliter of semen, he has less sperm problems.

Symptoms of low sperm count

The most prominent symptom of a low sperm count is that a male is unable to produce a child.

However, there are no specific symptoms or obvious signs of this problem. In some cases an imbalance in hormones, a dilated testicular vein or a disorder that impedes the passage of sperm can potentially cause warning signs.

Symptoms of Low Sperm Count

Sexual process problems: –

  • Loss of libido, erectile dysfunction or impotence.
  • Pain, swelling or lump in the testes.
  • Shortage of body hair or abnormalities of chromosomes or hormones can also be symptoms of sperm deficiency.

What Causes Sperm Deficiency?

Most men are completely unaware of their reproductive status. They stay in the dark until a woman gets pregnant. But in most cases the cause remains disorganized as a low number of sperm can occur as a temporary change.

Low sperm count can also be caused by many medical issues, environmental factors, and lifestyle choices.

The process of sperm formation is a complex process. This requires the hypothalamus and pituitary glands to function normally along with the testes. If there is a problem with any organ, the yield of sperm may be reduced.

Often the cause of the problem of low sperm deficiency is not known. Its treatment also depends on the severity of the problem.

Medical reasons

  • Many health problems and medical treatment can cause sperm loss. Some of these are as follows: -Varicocele – The veins originating from the testes are called varicocele. If a man gets swelling in the testis, then there can be problem in becoming his father.
  • Some infections affect sperm yields. These include- some sexually transmitted infections (chlamydia, gonorrhea, etc.) as well as other infections in the urethra that may cause sperm deficiency.
  • If a man has a problem with ejaculation, he may have a low sperm count.
  • Surgery, radiation or chemotherapy to treat the tumor may reduce sperm count.
  • The brain and testicles produce many hormones that affect ejaculation and sperm yields. Due to which hormonal imbalance can reduce sperm count.
  • Certain drugs such as beta blockers, antibiotics and blood pressure medications can cause ejaculation problems and decrease sperm count.

Environmental reasons

Sperm count can be affected by exposure to certain environmental elements. The main reasons for this are: –

  • Industrial chemicals such as lead, X-rays, radiation etc. can reduce sperm production as well as cause other health problems.
  • Exacerbation of the testes, ie bathing with hot water or using hot tubs daily, affects your sperm production.
  • The testes become hot due to prolonged cycling. Due to which fertility of males is affected.

Health and lifestyle

  • Consumption of drugs or substances can reduce your sperm count and quality.
  • Alcohol consumption leads to a decrease in testosterone levels as well as a decrease in sperm production.
  • Smokers have lower sperm count than other non-smokers.
  • Steroidrich proteins taken in the gym also reduce sperm count.
  • If the stress is prolonged then it imbalances some of the hormones that make up your sperm.
  • Your weight may also be a cause that can cause hormonal changes. Due to which fertility of males decreases.

Ayurvedic view

The term Oligozoospermia was correlated in research works with Kshina Sukra; Alpa Sukra ,Sukra dosa ,Sukra Dusti ,Sukra Kshaya; Sukralpata ,Kshina Retas ,Bijopaghata and Sukradhatu Vikara. 8 Among these, Kshina Sukra is used in majority of the research works with special reference to Oligozoospermia. Oligozoospermia is the seminal disorder in which sperm count is below 20 million / ml.

Ayurvedic medicine by CAC


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Recommended dosage: Take 1 sachet twice daily with normal water.


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Nerve up tablet is a herbo-mineral tablet and is the purely ayurvedic formulation. CAC Nerve up tablets helps in balancing the Vata doshas. It reduces Kapha dosha, and acts as a nervine stimulant. It shows effective results in improving the central nervous system. It contains natural ingredients like shudha kuchala, shudha shilajeet, abhrak bhasma, praval pishti, shankh bhasma etc. These contain natural vatahar properties and helps in curing Vata diseases.

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Panchsakar Churna is an herbal preparation containing five ingredients such as shunthi, haritaki, pippali, trivrit, & sauvarchala lavana. The use of this herbal churna deals with sudden abdominal pain, bloating, constipation, etc. It helps in overall detoxification of the body.

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Mostly at one age men may suffer from low self-esteem and become negative. This also occurs because they are facing problems in their sexual life. There might be early ejaculation and erectile dysfunction. A feeling of inferiority also occurs and they feel hesitate to visit a doctor or discuss this problem. It also affects their relationship and leads to fighting, divorce, loss of self-confidence, the stress in their personal life.

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