Moles

  • Our skin is the largest organ in our body. Skin moles are growths on your skin that vary in color from your natural skin shade to brown-black.
  • Moles can appear anywhere on your body or mucous membranes, one or multiple.
  • The life cycle of a mole is generally about 50 years. As the year’s pass, moles generally change gradually, becoming raised and lighter in color.
  • Most skin moles appear in early childhood age and during the first 20 years of life. It is ordinary for an individual to have between 10 to 40 moles by adulthood.
  • Often, hairs develop on the mole. Some moles will not alter at all over the years and some will gradually diminish over time. 

Types of skin moles

Common:

This is a normal general mole, a small growth on your skin that’s pink, brown, black, or tan and has a discrete edge.

Dysplastic:

These moles are way larger in shape than a pencil eraser and uneven in shape. Dysplastic nevi tend to have an ill-matched color with dark brown centers and lighter, bumpy edges. These moles tend to be inherited, and people who have them may have more than 100 moles on their bodies. If you have dysplastic nevi then you have a greater chance of developing uncontrollable melanoma. Any changes in a mole should be checked for skin cancer by a doctor.

Congenital:

These are moles appeared on your skin when you were born. Congenital mole prevalence is nearly about 1 in 100 people. These moles may be more likely to transform into melanoma than moles that establish after birth. If your skin mole is more than 8 mm in diameter, it a larger risk of becoming cancerous.

Causes of skin mole

  • When cells in your skin grow in a cluster instead of being spread throughout the skin.
  •  Most moles are made of cells called melanocytes
  •  Melanin pigment gives your skin its natural color.

Risk factors

  • Excessive sunlight.
  • Indoor tanning
  •  Fair history
  •  Family history
  • Familial melanoma
  •  Age
  •  Race or ethnicity
  •  Previous skin cancer
  •  Inherited conditions like Retinoblastoma, Werner syndrome

What makes Skin moles darker?

  • Sun exposure
  • Pregnancy
  • Puberty 

The ABCDEs are the main signs of moles that could be cancerous. If a mole exhibits any of the signs listed below, have it examined immediately by your doctor:

  • Asymmetry: If one side of your skin mole does not match the other half.
  • Border: If the boundary of your mole is shabby, blurred, ragged, or irregular.
  • Color: If the color of your mole is not similar completely, or it has various shades of colors such as tan, brown, white, red, black, and blue
  • Diameter: If the diameter of your mole is greater than the eraser (given with the pencil).
  • Elevation: If your mole has raised after being flat, or it grows over a short period.

The most common location for melanoma in

Men – Back region

Women – lower leg

Melanoma is the most familiar cancer in women ages 25 to 29.

Prevention

Moles are naturally occurring skin growths that can’t be restricted. However, you can be proactive about avoiding skin cancer (or examining it early) by:

  • Regulating how much sun exposure you get.
  • Apply sunscreen regularly.
  • Inspecting your moles at least once a month.
  • Early detection and treatment of melanoma

Being proactive about restricting skin cancer is important for your health, if,

  • Presenting the family history of many moles, atypical moles, or a history of skin cancer.
  • You have fair skin
  • You have many moles on your body.

Blackheads

  • Blackheads form when a plug forms in the opening of hair follicles in your skin. Every follicle has one hair and a sebaceous gland that produces oil. This is called sebum, which helps keep your skin soft and hydrated.
  • Dead skin cells and oils gather in the opening to the skin follicle, producing a pile called a comedo. If the skin over the mass stays closed, the mass or bump is called a whitehead.
  • When the skin over the bump opens up, exposure to the air causes it to look black, and a blackhead forms.

Aggravating factors

  • Excessive body oil production.
  • The growth of the Propionibacterium acnes bacteria.
  • Irritation of the hair follicles when dead skin cells are not shedding daily.
  • Undergoing hormonal alterations that cause an increase in oil production during the teen years.
  • Menstruation.
  • While taking birth control pills, taking specific drugs, such as corticosteroids and androgens.

Management according to Ayurveda

Kashisadi Taila: This is a purely herbal formulation in Ayurveda that can be applied over the moles under the prescription of an Ayurveda specialist.

Mahamanjistharistha: It is a classical herbal formulation to decrease hyperpigmentation of the skin.

Chandigarh Ayurved centre provides special Mukha lepam therapy for the treatment of moles and blackheads.