Mango(Mangiferaindica) – Medicinal Benefits
In some parts of the world, mango (Mangiferaindica) is called the “king of fruits.”This fruit is not only delicious but also boasts an impressive nutritional profile.In fact, studies link mango and its nutrients to health benefits, such as improved immunity, digestive health and eyesight, as well as a lower risk of certain cancers.
Packed With Nutrients
Mango is low in calories but full of nutrients.
One cup (165 grams) of sliced mango provides
- Calories: 99
- Protein: 1.4 grams
- Carbs: 24.7 grams
- Fat: 0.6 grams
- Dietary fiber: 2.6 grams
- Vitamin C: 67% of the Reference Daily Intake (RDI)
- Folate: 18% of the RDI
- Vitamin B6: 11.6% of the RDI
- Vitamin A: 10% of the RDI
- Vitamin E: 9.7% of the RDI
- Vitamin K: 6% of the RDI
- Potassium: 6% of the RDI
- Magnesium: 4% of the RDI
It also contains small amounts of phosphorus, pantothenic acid, calcium, selenium and iron.
One cup (165 grams) of mango provides nearly 70% of the RDI for vitamin C — a water-soluble vitamin that aids your immune system, helps your body absorb iron and promotes growth and repair.
Rasa: Kashaya Madhura
Karma: Amavaathagna Krimighna
Benefits of mango
1. Benefits for cancer
Due to poor lifestyle of people, the risk of cancer is increasing day by day. Therefore, it is important to take care of food and drink. Talking about food, mango can reduce the risk of fatal disease like cancer. Mango fruit pulp contains carotenoids, ascorbic acid, turpenoids and polyphenols. Due to all these characteristics, mango has the property of reducing the risk of cancer. A scientific study conducted in 2010 has also supported the anti-carcinogenic effects of mangoes.
The anticancer property present in mango is named mangiferin, a compound found in fruits. Mangiferin inhibits the growth of cancer cells and other tumor cells in the stomach and liver.
2. Benefits of eating mango for heart
Heart healthy, you healthy. People take special care of eating to keep the heart healthy. If you include seasonal fruit mango in your diet, then the heart can be healthy. Consumption of mangoes can also reduce the risk of heart disease. The nutrients in it can help keep the heart healthy. Therefore, do not forget to consume it during mango season.
3. Common advantages for immunity
If the body is to be kept healthy, then the immunity of disease is very important. If this is not done, the body can easily fall prey to infection due to changing weather or dust and soil. Therefore, you can increase your immunity by including mango in your diet. Vitamin-C helps a lot in increasing immunity and is rich in common vitamin-C.
4. Common Benefits for Cholesterol
Those who want to avoid the risk of cholesterol can also consume mangoes. Mango is rich in nutraceutical, which may help reduce cholesterol levels. A scientific study used mangiferin (one of the important compounds present in mangoes) on mice, which reduced cholesterol levels in them. It can also help in increasing HDL (high density lipoprotein) ie good cholesterol levels.
5. Common benefits for digestion
Consuming mangoes can also relieve digestive problems. It has laxative meaning to cleanse the stomach. Even it eliminates constipation problem. When there is no problem of constipation, the digestive power will also improve. Also, mango is a good source of fiber, for this reason also improves digestion power.
6. Common advantages for sexual intercourse and sperm
Mango has aphrodisiac properties, which can increase the desire for sexual intercourse. In addition, a mixture of vitamin-E and beta-carotene present in mangoes can protect sperm from destruction.
7. Common benefits for eyes
Like other parts of the body, it is also important to take care of the eyes. It is normal for the eyesight to decrease with age, but if it happens at an early age, it means that it is happening due to lack of nutrients. In particular, vitamin-A deficiency affects the eyesight.
8. Common benefits for the brain
If you see the benefits of eating mango, then mango helps to keep the mind sharp and also to strengthen the memory. The bioactive component present in mango keeps the brain healthy (26). In addition, a study conducted in Greater Noida, India, has proved that mango extract contains some things that make the memory sharp. At the same time, Mango has been confirmed to have neuroprotective properties in another study in Thailand.
9. Common benefits for blood pressure
If you talk about high blood pressure, then mango intake can be very beneficial. High blood pressure increases the risk of heart problems. In such a situation, if mango is consumed, it can be very beneficial. Therefore, if you want to avoid the risk of blood pressure, then it should be consumed during mango season.
10. Common advantages for heat prevention
They all know that mango is the fruit of summer season. It can protect the body from the hot air that is running in the summer. The heat of summer can be avoided by drinking ripe mango juice, as it not only refreshes the body, but also hydrates it. Apart from this, many people boil raw mango and apply it on the body due to heat stroke and fever, it is believed that it cools the body.
11. Benefits of mango for diabetes
Diabetes patients divert from eating many things. Especially, they are confused about mangoes whether they eat it or not, then we remove this confusion. Mangoes can be consumed to some extent in diabetes. Obese people are at higher risk of diabetes. Studies on 20 obese adults have shown that the intake of half of fresh mangoes for 12 weeks reduces blood sugar levels. According to researchers, mango contains fiber and mangiferin. Not only this, another study has proved that mango peel extracts have antidiabetic properties.
In addition, the risk of type 2 diabetes can also be reduced in obese people, as it has anti-diabetic properties, which improve blood glucose levels. Not only can this, in those who have type 2 diabetes, the risk of high cholesterol also be reduced.
PHARMACOLOGICAL ACTIVITY :
1. Anti-inflammatory activity: An alcoholic extract of the seed of Mangiferaindica exhibited significant anti-inflammatory activity in acute, sub-acute and chronic cases of inflammation.
2. Antimicrobial activity: Moderate antibacterial activity has been observed in the seed extracts. The leaf extract exhibited antibacterial activity against Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus albus and Vibrio cholerae.
3. Antioxidant activity: The extract showed a powerful scavenging activity of hydroxyl radicals and acted as a chelator of iron. It also showed a significant inhibitory effect on the peroxidation of rat brain phospholipid and prevented DNA damage caused by bleomycin or copper-phenanthroline systems.
4. Antiviral activity:Mangiferin was effective in controlling herpes simplex virus type 2, in vitro. Virus replication was significantly reduced and the study indicated that mangiferin did not act directly on the virus but inhibited the late events in HSV- 2 replication.Effect on a-amylase: Ethanolic extracts of Mangiferaindica were tested on a-amylase activity in vitro and showed an effect.
5. Hepatoprotective activity: Mangiferin exhibited protection of liver against CCl.-induced liver damage.Immunomodulatory action: Mangiferin induced both in vivo and in vitro activation of peritoneal macrophages by a mechanism not yet clear. The induction of interferon release from the macrophages by mangiferin, its potent metal-chelating activity, inhibitory effect on monoamine oxidase and lymphoproliferative effect on macrophage activation established the therapeutic potential of mangiferin as an immunomodulator and possible anticancer agent.
6. Hypoglycemic activity: A 50% ethanolic extract of the leaves produced a significant hypoglycaemic effect at a dose of 250 mg/kg, both in normal and streptozotocin-induced diabetic animals. The stimulation of β-cells to release insulin was thought to be part of the mechanism of action.
7. Anticancer activity: Significant cytolytic activities were demonstrated by the stem bark extract against the breast cancer cell lines MCF 7, MDA-MB-435 and MDA-N, as well as against a colon cancer cell line (SW-620) and a renal cancer cell line (786-0).
8. Anti-inflammatory activity: The aqueous extract of stem bark (50-1000 mg/kg PO) exhibited a potent and dose-dependent antinociceptive effect using the acetic acid test in mice. The extract (20-1000 mg/kg POI also dose dependently inhibited the second phase of formalin-induced pain, although not the first phase, being more potent than indomethacin at doses of 20 mg/kg.lt inhibited oedema formation of both carrageenan- and formalin-induced oedema in rats, guinea pigs and mice, in a similar manner to that produced by indomethacin and sodium naproxen. The polyphenols found in the extract were thought to account for the activity reported.
Useful part : Root, Bark, Leaves, Fruits. Seeds.