HORMONAL IMBALANCE

DESCRIPTION

  • Hormonal imbalances occur when there is too much or too little hormone present in the bloodstream.
  • Hormones have an essential role in the body, even small hormonal imbalances can cause side effects throughout the body.
  • These hormones are produced by glands present in the endocrine system.
  • Hormones travel through the bloodstream to the tissues and organs, pass the messages that tell the organs what to do and when to do it.
  • These are important to regulating bodily processes, so little imbalance in hormones can affect a wide range of bodily functions.
  • Hormones help to regulate:

  • Metabolism and appetite
  • Heart rate
  • Sleep cycles
  • Reproductive cycles and sexual function
  • General growth and development
  • Mood and stress levels
  • Body temperature
  • Men and women can be affected by the imbalances of insulin, growth hormones, steroids and adrenaline.
  • Women experience imbalances in estrogen and progesterone levels, while men experience imbalances in testosterone levels.

Signs or symptoms of a hormonal imbalance

  • Common hormonal conditions that affecting both men and women could cause any of the following signs or symptoms:
  • Weight gain
  • A hump of fat between the shoulders
  • Unexplained, and sudden weight loss,
  • Fatigue
  • Muscle weakness,
  • Muscle aches, tenderness, and stiffness,
  • Pain, stiffness, or swelling in your joints,
  • Increased or decreased heart rate
  • Sweating
  • Increased sensitivity to cold or heat,
  • Constipation or more frequents bowel movements,
  • Frequent urination,
  • Increased hunger,
  • Decreased sex drive,
  • Depression,
  • Nervousness, anxiety, or irritability,
  • Blurred vision,
  • Infertility,
  • Thinning of hairs, brittle hair,
  • Dry skin,
  • Puffy face,
  • Rounded face,
  • Purple or pink stretch marks
  • Keep in mind that these symptoms are nonspecific, and having them doesn’t necessarily mean that you have a hormonal imbalance.

Signs and symptoms in females

  • For females of reproductive age, the most common hormonal imbalance seen is polycystic ovarian disorder.
  • The normal hormonal cycle also changes during puberty, pregnancy, breastfeeding, and menopause.

Symptoms of a hormonal imbalance include:

  • Heavy or irregular periods, including missed periods, stop periods, or frequent periods.
  • Hirsutism or excessive hair on the face, chin, or other parts of the body
  • Acne on the face, chest, or upper back
  • Hair loss
  • Darkening of the skin along neck creases, groin, and underneath of breasts
  • Skin tags
  • Vaginal dryness
  • Vaginal atrophy
  • Pain during sex
  • Night sweats
  • Headaches

Signs or symptoms in males

  • Testosterone plays an important role in male development. If not producing enough testosterone, it can cause a variety of symptoms.
  • Gynecomastia
  • Breast tenderness
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Decrease in beard growth and body hair growth
  • Loss of muscle mass
  • Loss of bone mass, otherwise known as osteoporosis
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Hot flashes

Signs or symptoms in children

  • Both girls and boys producing sex hormones during puberty.
  • Many children with delayed puberty will go on to experience normal puberty, but some man’s and women’s production of testosterone and estrogen are inhibited such a condition is known as hypogonadism.

Boys with hypogonadism may experience:

  • Lack of muscle mass development
  • A voice that doesn’t deepen
  • Body hair that grows sparsely
  • Impaired penis and testicular growth
  • Gynecomastia

For girls with hypogonadism:

  • Menstruation doesn’t begin
  • Breast tissue doesn’t develop
  • The growth rate doesn’t increase

Causes of a hormonal imbalance

  • There are many causes for hormonal imbalance. Causes are different depending on which hormones or glands are affected. Common causes of hormonal imbalance include:
  • Hormone therapy
  • Medications
  • Cancer treatments such as chemotherapy
  • Tumors, whether cancerous or benign
  • Pituitary tumors
  • Eating disorders
  • Stress
  • Injury or trauma
  • The conditions can also lead to further hormonal imbalances:
  • Diabetes type 1 or type 2
  • Diabetes insipidus
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Hyper functioning thyroid nodules
  • Thyroiditis
  • Hypogonadism
  • Cushion syndrome or high levels of cortisol
  • Congenital adrenal hyperplasia causes low levels of cortisol and aldosterone
  • Addison’s disease

HOW CAN BALANCE THESE HORMONES NATURALLY

Get enough sleep 

  • Sleep is the most important factor for hormonal balance. Some hormone levels may rise and fall throughout the day in response to issues such as the quality of sleep.
  • The adverse effects of sleep disturbance on hormones may contribute to:
  • Obesity
  • Diabetes
  • Problems with appetite
  • Regularly getting a full 6- 8 sleep, undisturbed sleep, and night rest may help the body to regulate hormone levels.

Avoid too much light at night

  • Exposure to blue light, such as from cell phones or computer screens, can interrupt the sleep cycle.
  • Study shows that exposure to any bright artificial lighting at night may confuse the body, causing it to suppress the hormone melatonin, which can negatively affect many functions.
  • Avoiding artificial lights may help to regulate hormones and restore a natural body’s clock.

Manage stress

  • There is a link between stress, the endocrine system, and hormone levels.
  • Stress leads to an increase in adrenaline and cortisol hormones.
  • If levels of these hormones are too high, it can impair the overall balance and contribute to factors such as obesity, changes in mood, and cardiovascular issues.
  • It is important to find ways to reduce stress simply by listening to music reduces stress, especially if the person is intending to relax.

Exercise 

  • Regular exercise may prevent overeating and hormonal imbalance. A study shows that short exercise sessions regulate hormones that control appetite.

Avoid sugars

  • Sugar plays a role in issues such as metabolic disease and insulin resistance. Avoid sugar from the diet helps to keeps the hormone in level including insulin.

Eat lots of fiber

  • Fiber plays an important role in gut health and regulates hormones such as insulin.