What is Bloating? Causes, Symptoms and Ayurvedic Treatment

DESCRIPTION

  • Bloating is a symptom that can occur at any age, associated with organic diseases or with functional gastrointestinal disorders.
  • It can also appear alone without any gastrointestinal disorders. It occurs in the stomach when the gastrointestinal (GI) tract is filled with air or gas, and there is no space for meals in your stomach.
  • Your stomach feels full and tight, this condition may be uncomfortable or painful. My stomach may look bigger.

WHY DO PEOPLE FEEL BLOATED?

  • Gas or air is the common cause of bloating, especially after eating.
  • Gas accumulates in the digestive tract when undigested food gets broken or when people swallow air.
  • Every people swallows air when they drink or eat food.

OTHER CAUSES OF SWALLOW AIR ARE:

  • Eating or drinking too fast
  • Chewing gum
  • Smoking
  • Wearing loose dentures
  • Burping and flatulence are two ways of swallowed air leave the body.
  • Medical causes of bloating
  • Inflammatory bowel diseases
  • Other functional gastrointestinal disorders,
  • Heartburn,
  • Food intolerance,
  • Weight gain,
  • Hormonal flux,
  • Giardiasis,
  • Eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa,
  • Mental health factors like stress, anxiety, depression,
  • Some medications

OTHER CAUSES

  • Deficiency of healthy bacteria in GI tract,
  • Gas accumulation,
  • Altered gut motility,
  • Impaired gas transit,
  • Abnormal abdominal reflexes,
  • Visceral hypersensitivity,
  • Food and carbohydrate mal-absorption,
  • Constipation,
  • Serious complication
  • Ascites,
  • Ovarian cancer,
  • Liver disease,
  • Kidney failure,
  • Congestive heart failure
  • Celiac disease
  • Gluten intolerance
  • Pancreatitis
  • Perforation of the GI tract

SYMPTOMS OF BLOATING

  • Common symptoms of bloating include
  • Stomach pain
  • Discomfort,
  • Gas
  • Burp or belch
  • Frequently abdominal rumbling or gurgling.

SEVERE BLOATING MAY OCCUR ALONG WITH SERIOUS SYMPTOMS SUCH AS:

  • Blood in your stool
  • Noticeable weight loss (without trying)
  • Vaginal bleeding
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Heartburn that is getting worse
  • Fever (due to an infection)

BLOATING CAN BE PREVENTED OR AVOIDED BY THESE STEPS

  • Avoid the foods that cause gas such as cabbage, turnips, beans, Brussels sprouts, and lentils.
  • Avoid chewing gum.
  • Avoid using straws for drinking,
  • Reduce or avoid drinking carbonated drinks such as soda,
  • Avoid eating food and drinks that contain fructose or sorbitol. These are artificial sweeteners cause bloating,
  • Eat fiber-rich diet to prevent constipation,
  • Avoid dairy products if they cause gas and bloating,
  • Quit smoking.

TREATMENT

ACIDITY CARE KIT

1. DIGESTION SUPPORT

This tablet is unique blend of best digestive herbs like kutaz chal, bilav, dhania, mustak, shankh bhasm, piper mint, and dadim that maintain natural Ph balance in the stomach and aid digestion of all types of food. The herbs present in this control acidity, gas, flatulence and constipation. These all complex problems are root cause of all diseases. If digestive system is proper it leads to proper assimilation of the nutrients in the body.

2. TRIKATU SYRUP

it helps to eliminate excess Kapha or mucous from the body, supports respiratory system, manages weight, helps to take out impurities or ama from the body, supports healthy detoxification, reduces swelling. It shows anti-inflammatory, analgesic, expectorant, antioxidant properties.  This syrup is made up of equal parts of three herbs such as Pippali (Piper longum), Shunthi (Zingiber officinale), & Marich (Piper nigrum) that maintains the metabolism in the body. The regular use of this syrup balances the thyroxine hormone and treats hyperthyroidism naturally. It is an Appetizer and it improves digestion, supports normal gastric function, and normal circulation.

3. SHEET DHARA

It is herbo mineral and purely ayurvedic formulation. It works on all the three doshas of body but mainly act on pitta dosha. It contains Ajwaion, Kapur (camphor) and Mint leaves that help reduce Acidity and burning sensation in chest region with its cooling effects. It relaxes your mind also maintains Blood pressure. CAC Sheet dhara help in controlling mood swings by which many women are affected nowadays. It also controls burping, nausea and bloating.

4. AGNIMUKH CHURAN

It is a herbo -mineral preparation and is purely Ayurvedic. This Churna is 100% natural and pure. This Churna is a natural Appetizer and Digestive stimulant medicine. It is very beneficial in Abdominal discomfort, Abdominal bloating, reduces Flatulence, Acidity. It contains pure herbal ingredients like Safaid Jeera (Cuminum cyminum), Sonth (Zingiber officinale), Sendha Namak (Rock salt), Kala namak (Black Salt), Kali Mirch (Piper nigrum), Nimbu Satva (Citric acid), Peppermint (Mentha piperita), etc. It improves Bowel movement and is helpful In Loss of appetite, Anorexia, Abdominal pain, Vata and Kapha dosha related disorders.

5. PANCHSAKAR CHURAN

It is a herbo mineral and purely ayurvedic formulation. It mainly works on your Vata and pitta dosha of your body. It can cure Chronic Constipation and help relieve symptoms of Acidity, indigestion, Belching and colic pain. It acts as a mild Laxative and reduces Bloating. It works very efficiently on a disease named IBS (Irritable bowel syndrome) which is very common nowadays that affects your day to day activities. CAC Panchsakar churna is 100% natural and pure. It is prepared from various herbs like Haritaki, Shunthi, Swaran Patri, Shatapushpa, and Saindhav Lavan that show antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and laxative properties.

GASTRO-ESOPHAGEAL REFLUX DISORDER {ACID REFLUX}

DEFINATION:-

Gastro-esophageal reflux disorder is a common condition that features a burning pain in the gastric tract or lower chest area, this is also known as Acid reflux and heart burn.

Heart Burns or Acid reflux occurs when the sphincter muscle of the esophagus (food pipe) at the lower end are relaxes at the wrong time, that causes stomach acid to back up into the esophagus (food pipe). This cause Acid reflux or heartburn, pain, Irritations and other signs and symptoms in the stomach. Constant and frequent Acid reflux can lead to gastro-esophageal reflux disorder (GERD).

In other words the liquid content of the stomach regurgitates (backs up or refluxes) into the esophagus (food pipe). The liquid can damage or inflame the esophagitis (lining) these are the visible signs of inflammation that occur in many patients. The Stomach juices mainly contains acid and pepsin named enzymes that are produced by the stomach. Pepsin is an enzyme that helps in the digestion of proteins in the stomach. The refluxed stomach juice (liquid) may also contain bile that has backed-up into the stomach from the duodenum (first part of small intestine). So the Acid is most injurious component of the refluxed liquid. The bile and Pepsin enzymes may also injure the esophagus, they also causes inflammation and damage in the esophageal.

SYMPTOMS OF GASTRO-ESOPHAGIAL REFLUX DISORDERS

  • Pain and burning sensation in the chest area, throat and stomach
  • Heart burn
  • Gas or Flatulence
  • Chest Pain
  • Regurgitation
  • Indigestion
  • Bad Breathing
  • Constipation
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Heaviness in the abdomen after eating
  • Frequent burps
  • Mimic heart pain (angina)
  • Regurgitation of undigested food coming back into mouth
  • Over-eating
  • Eating at odd times
  • Skipping meals
  • Unhealthy eating habits such as having too much tea, coffee, cold- drinks, spicy, junk, and oily food
  • Pain may extend to the back in many patients
  • Stomach ailments like ulcers
  • A bad lifestyle such as taking too much stress, sleeping less, drinking alcohol, and smoking etc.
  • In many patients with GERD are awakened from sleep due to heart burn or pain
  • Prolonged regurgitation of acidity can cause acid-induced erosions of teeth.
  • Acidity can cause inflammation into the esophageal blood vessels
  • Prolonged acidity can cause bleeding into the esophagus
  • The bleeding may severe due to acidity
  • Due to acid reflux swallowed food may get stuck into the esophagus, causes severe narrowing
  • The refluxed acidic liquid can cause coughing
  • Narrowing of the breathing tubes may resulting in an attack of asthma.
  • Recurrent acidity can cause Inflammation of the larynx and throat
  • The severe acidity resulting inflammation this can lead to a sore throat and hoarseness of voice
  • The refluxed acidic liquid can cause infections and inflammation of the lungs
  • The refluxed acidic liquid also cause aspiration that may lead to infection of the lungs and result in pneumonia. This type of pneumonia can cause Pulmonary fibrosis

CAUSES OF GASTRO-ESOPHAGIAL REFLUX DISORDERS

There are four common factors that contribute to GERD, these are following:-

  1. Lower Esophageal Sphincter Abnormalities
  2. Hiatal Hernias
  3. Abnormal Esophageal Contractions
  4. Prolonged or Slow emptying of the stomach.
  • Lower esophageal sphincter (LES)

The functions of the lower esophageal sphincter is the most important mechanism (factor) for preventing the acid reflux. The esophagus is a muscular, it is a tube like structure which extends from the lower throat to the stomach. The LES is a ring of muscle which surrounds the lower-most end of the esophagus and it joins to the stomach. When there is contracting and closing off the passage from esophagus to the stomach. So the closing of the passage helps to prevent the reflux. When saliva and food is swallowed, to allow the food or saliva the LES relaxes for a few seconds, this happens to pass the saliva and food from the esophagus into the stomach, and then it is closed again after all these process.

In the patients with GERD there are several different abnormalities are found. There are two factors that causes GERD. The first abnormality is, weak contraction of the LES, which reduces the ability to prevent reflux. The second abnormality is LES relaxations. These prolonged relaxations allow reflux to happen more easily.

  • Hiatal hernia

Hiatal hernias can cause reflux, in many patients with GERD have hiatal hernias. If there is a hiatal hernia, a small part of the upper stomach which attached to the esophagus pushes up through the diaphragm. As a result, a small part of the stomach and the lower esophageal sphincter come to lie in the chest, and the lower esophageal sphincter is no longer at the level of the diaphragm. It appears when the diaphragm that surrounds the lower esophageal sphincter is important in preventing reflux.

  • Esophageal contractions

The swallows are very important in eliminating the acid in the esophagus. Swallowing can causes a ring-like wave of contraction of the esophageal muscles, which narrows the inner cavity (lumen) of the esophagus. The contraction, can cause peristalsis, that peristalsis begins in the upper esophagus and moves to the lower esophagus. It pushes the food, and saliva from the esophagus into the stomach.

In patients with Gastro-esophageal reflux disorders, several abnormalities of contraction are occurred such as waves of contraction may not occurs after each swallow or the waves of contraction may die out before they come to the stomach. The pressure also generated by the contractions, that may be too weak to push the acid back into the stomach. Smoking can also cause GERD in many patients.

  • Gastro paresis (Emptying of the stomach)

Most reflux can occurs after meals. This reflux may be due to transient lower esophageal reflux relaxations that are caused by distention of the stomach with meal. The slower emptying of the stomach causes prolongation of the distention of the stomach after meals with food.

HOME REMEDIES FOR GASTRO-INTESTINAL REFLUX DISORDER:-

  • Saunf or Fennel seeds:-  

One teaspoon of fennel seeds powder mix in a glass of warm water relieves acidity, heartburn, bloating and its symptoms. This also improves digestion.

  • Black Cumin Seeds:-

Take one tablespoon of cumin seeds Chew directly or those in a glass of water and its drink relieve acidity. Black cumin seeds are gastro-protective remedy. These are very effective in preventing acidity and reducing pain. This also helps to reduce the symptoms like heartburn, bloating, constipation, pain, and nausea, etc.

  • Health Benefits of Sabja Seeds:-

Take one tablespoon of sabja Seeds, mix it into water and its drink gave good relief in acidity

  • Cloves:-

Take a piece of clove, it gave relief in acidity and its symptoms like indigestion, nausea, flatulence, and gastric irritability etc.

  • Lukewarm Water:-

During empty stomach or before going to sleep at night drink a glass of lukewarm water it provides relief from acidity.

  • Watermelon Juice:-

A glass of watermelon juice is very effective remedy in relieving acidity and it is also good for digestion.

  • Cardamom:-

Chewing one cardamom pod every day that helps to prevent acidity, improves digestion, and flatulence also.

  • Buttermilk:-

The Lactic acid present in the buttermilk normalizes the acidity in the stomach and gives a good result. A glass of buttermilk topped with coriander and black pepper helps in instantly easing the symptoms of acidity.

  • Ginger:-

Drinking ginger tea or chewing raw ginger is very helpful to prevent acidity and its symptoms.

  • Banana:-

Taking banana neutralizes the acidity and gives relief from heartburn. A mixture of banana and milk helps to suppress excess acid secretion.

  • Papaya:-

Papaya helps to reduces gastric acid secretion and gives relief from acidity. This is due to enzyme papain, present in papaya.

  • Ajwain:-

Intake of ajwain gives relief from flatulence and acidity. It is very effective anti-acidic agent for digestion and good for digestion.

  • Cold Milk:-

Drinking of one glass of cold (chilled) milk instantly relieves acidity.

  • Baking Soda:-

Intake 1/2 teaspoon of baking soda and mixed this in 1/2 cup of water gives quick relief from heartburn and acidity.

  • Turmeric:-

Adding turmeric into your daily diet relieves heartburn and acidity.

LIFESTYLE CHANGES CAN HELP TO PREVENT ACIDITY

  1. Stay active and engage in exercise, like swimming, cycling, dancing or your favorite sport etc.
  2. Eat smaller meals, four to five times in a day
  3. Have your dinner early, at least  two hours before you go to the bed
  4. Do not overeat and chew your food during eating
  5. Do not sleep immediately after a meal
  6. Lose weight if you are obese or overweight
  7. Raise the head end of your bed during lying down
  8. Avoid drinking alcohol and smoking

AVOID FOODS THAT TRIGGER ACIDITY

  1. Very spicy and oily food
  2. Tea, coffee, and cold drinks
  3. Raw onions, and garlic
  4. Citrus fruits like lemons, oranges, and kiwis
  5. Tomatoes
  6. Junk food