Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a fiery illness influencing the huge inside (colon and rectum). In UC, the irritation is bound to the inward covering of the intestinal divider (mucosa).

When commonly symptoms of Pittaj atisaar are seen in a patient and even then he/she continues to consume pitta increases foods on regular basis. Then pitta is highly aggravated in the body it vitiates blood also and symptoms of Raktaj atisaara(Ulcerative colitis) start appearing.

Pathogenesis of Ulcerative Colitis

The excessive utilization of Paittika ahara (Pitta-exasperating food varieties) by Pitta Prakriti people and extreme utilization of Pittairritating regimens like wandering in sun, outrage are principle causative elements of the sickness.

It expands Pitta in body to limitless degree which thusly vitiates both rakta dhatu and mamsa dhatu. Vata dosha (unevenness brought about by dread, tension, dry, old food, bundled food ) in the lower colon is additionally irritated and in the beginning phases impedes the Pitta and Kapha channels bringing about additional aggravation and, mucous aggregation.

In Raktaj atisaar, stool is watery and mixed with blood and there is excessive loss of water & electrolytes. Frequency of loose motions is more. Origin of disease is from large intestine (Pakvashya) and proctitis (inflammation of rectum-Guda dah and Gudapaak) is main symptom. There is a no relationship of stools with meals.

Causes of Ulcerative Colitis

  • As talked about above, wrong eating routine (diet wealthy in greasy, sleek, sharp and hot food varieties)
  • Helpless sustenance
  • Weakened absorption
  • Poison amassing (Aama in body),
  • Immune system causes
  • Food sensitivities
  • Hereditary components
  • Infection in colon or rectum because of quality of microbes, infection or parasite.
  • Imbalance of the sensory system for example stress, tension, dreads.
  • Alcohol and smoking are a typical reason
  • Low insusceptibility.

Common Symptoms of Ulcerative Colitis

  • Mild abdominal pain
  • Mucous in the stools
  • Unexplained weakness
  • Dullness of composition
  • Exhaustion of sensory system
  • Loss of weight
  • Sharp rectal torment, (which might be of brief term and infrequent)
  • Sensation of completion in the lower mid-region.

Other symptoms of UC include:  

  • Anemia due to blood loss
  • Fatigue
  • Fever,  Nausea,  Weight loss
  • Loss of appetite
  • Abdominal sounds
  • Mouth ulcers
  • Loss of body fluids and nutrients
  • Skin lesions
  • Growth failure in children

Management of Ulcerative Colitis

Suggested diet (Pathya): 

  • Curd, Old basmati rice grain, moong dal, coriander,
  • Cumin, fennel (saunf), carrots, bubbled potatoes,
  • Bottle gourd, edge gourd, round gourd,
  • Green lentils, water chestnut (Singhara), pomegranate,
  • Banana, papaya, apple, chikoo, almonds (drenched and stripped),
  • Dried raisin, coconut chutney, dark grams are suggested.

Avoid Food varieties (Apathya): 

  • All extras food varieties, zesty food varieties,
  • Pungent and acidic food varieties, white sugar, pasta, vinegar, mustard, pungent and acidic food varieties.
  • Capsicum, Sarson ka saag, methi, raddish, cashew Nuts, pecans, groundnuts, sesame seeds (white until), jiggery, green chillies, ketchup, pickles, mustard oil and sesame oil.
  • Additionally stay away from crude servings of mixed greens, okra, arbi, cauliflower, grapes, mango, guava,
  • liquor, tea, espresso, milkshake, Soft beverages, cold beverage

Irritable Bowl Syndrome (Grahani)


Irritable Bowl Syndrome (IBS) is a typical condition that influences the stomach related problem.

It causes side effects like stomach cramps, bulging, the runs and blockage. These will in general travel every which way over the long run, and can keep going for quite a long time, weeks or months all at once.

In ayurveda, Irritable Bowl Syndrome is called as ‘Grahani roga’.

The disease caused by Pitta produces decolouration of the excrement because of Ranjaka Pitta disturbance so the defecation are of somewhat blue or yellow tone, the personal stench of the individual is rank, exacerbation of Pachaka pitta causes hyperacidity bringing about heart consume and sharp burping, additionally influencing the nature of stool with the goal that it is fluid in consistency. Anorexia and loss of thirst are likewise present in pitta type grahani.

Pathology of Grahani

Grahani or IBS is set off by stomach diseases, eating undesirable food or potentially persistent pressure.

Because of one of the causative elements, samana vata is influenced and frustrates the strength of processing and ingestion in the small digestive tract.

The small digestive system neglects to play out its typical capacity of anna grahana (accepting food from the stomach.)

Pachana (assimilation) and vivechana (partition of nutritive food and byproduct) is munchana (food item is pushed to the internal organ). Hence, grahani creates.

Causes of Grahani

  • Excessive fasting
  • Eating before the previous food is digested
  • Overeating
  • Eating improper foods, unwholesome food, too heavy, cold
  • Eating foods that are too dry and processed
  • Eating foods that are too old
  • Suppression of natural urges
  • Improper virechana (purgation)
  • Improper oleation therapy
  • Improper sleep, awake at night and asleep during day
  • Anger
  • Fear
  • Suffering due to chronic illness, leading to lowered digestion strength
  • Moving or traveling
  • Seasonal changes

Signs & Symptoms of Grahani dosha

Vataja Grahani – stomach torment, expanded recurrence of stool, modified solid discharge, enlargement of the midsection, flatus, migraine, weakness, chest torment.

Pittaja Grahani – consuming of the chest, burping, migraine.

Kaphaja Grahani – mucousystool, impression of inadequate departure of the entrail, sickness, retching, flatus, substantialness of midsection.

Sannipataja Grahani – each of the three dosas are included giving blended highlights of all the dosas, including absence of fixation and extreme weakness. This stage is additionally called sangrahani.

With sangrahani, murmuring in the mid-region, exhaustion, inside with flatus or bodily fluid, consistent inclination to pass stools, discontinuous scenes and expanded recurrence of solid discharges in the daytime are normal.


  • Untreated IBS may prompt inconveniences, for example,
  • Skin sickness
  • Sickliness (low iron levels)
  • Oedema (liquid maintenance)
  • Anorectal infection (like hemorrhoids, gap or fistula in rear-end)
  • Stomach torment
  • Stomach tumor

Management of IBS

Ayurveda trusts it is ideal to treat the main driver as opposed to the manifestations of sickness. A full ayurvedic detox (panchakarma) is essential for freeing poisons from the body and restoring colon wellbeing. Panchakarma treatment for IBS underlines cured douche (vasti), which is a colon purging treatment. Ayurvedic douches give home grown purging and sustenance straightforwardly into the digestive system and colon, without going through the stomach and upper gastro-intestinal plot. With a helpful ayurvedic purification, a purifying and mending message is sent straightforwardly to the colon.

Panchakarma for IBS will likewise include:

  • Abhyanga (ayurvedic helpful back rub)
  • Shirodhara (warm oil treatment on temple)
  • Chakra basti (warm oil treatment around the maritime and related marma focuses)

Ayurvedic herbs suggested for IBS


Kutaja-Holarrhena antidysenterica

Bilva-Aegle marmelos

Musta-Cyperus rotundus

Dhataki-Woodfordia fruticosa

Patha-Cissampelos pareira

Lodhra-Symplocos racemosa

Pushkaramoola-Inula racemosa

Chavya-Piper chaba

Daruharidra-Berberis aristata

Shalmali-Shalmalia malabarica

Diet for IBS Patient


  • Cook hand crafted dinners utilizing new fixings when you can
  • Keep a journal of what you eat and any side effects you get – attempt to stay away from Things that trigger your IBS
  • Attempt to discover approaches to unwind
  • Get a lot of activity
  • Attempt probiotics for a month to check whether they help


  • Try not to defer or skip suppers
  • Try not to eat excessively fast
  • Try not to eat bunches of greasy, zesty or prepared food sources
  • Try not to eat multiple parts of new organic product daily (a bit is 80g)
  • Try not to drink multiple cups of tea or espresso daily
  • Try not to drink bunches of liquor or bubbly beverages



  • The liver is the second largest, reddish–brown organ on the right side of the belly which feels rubbery to the touch.
  • Weighing about 3 pounds, It performs hundreds of vital functions for health and well-being including regulation of metabolism, production of clotting proteins, and blood detoxification.
  • The liver filter the blood coming from the digestive tract, before passing to the body, detoxifies the chemicals, metabolizes drugs, secretes bile in the intestines, and makes some proteins important for blood clotting and other functions.
  • The liver has two lobes, the right lobe, and the left lobes. The gallbladder present under the liver, along with parts of the pancreas and intestines. The liver and these organs work together to digest, absorb the food.

What is fatty liver disease?

  • Fatty liver disease is a broad term for the accumulation of triglyceride fats in the liver.
  • This condition is common, and most people show no signs or symptoms and do not experience any serious effects. However, fatty liver is a progressive disease and it can cause irritation, inflammation, and scarring known as fibrosis.
  • When the fat content of the liver increases up to greater than 5 to 10%, its function can become significantly impaired.

What causes fatty liver?

  • There are two types of fatty liver disease that have different causes but their result in similar liver injuries.
  • The first is Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (AFLD) and is caused by high alcohol intake (>20 grams/20 milliliters per day). It is the earliest stage of alcoholic liver disease which may progress to severe stage and cirrhosis.
  • The second type is Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) and occurs for reasons other than alcohol consumption.
  • It is often associated with symptoms of insulin resistance a condition that affecting fat metabolism including obesity, Type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and dyslipidemia. Other risk factors for fatty liver disease include some medications such as corticosteroids, certain antidepressants and antipsychotics, Amiodarone, and Methotrexate.
  • Hepatitis infections, auto-immune or inherited liver disease, fast weight loss, and malnutrition are others causes.

What are the symptoms?

Symptoms are usually mild or may not be present some include

  • Fatigue,
  • Loss of appetite and weight,
  • Weakness,
  • Nausea,
  • Confusion
  • Difficulty concentrating.
  • The liver enlargement causes pain in the upper-middle or upper right quadrant of the abdomen.

How is fatty liver diagnosed?

  • Certain blood tests provide a definitive diagnosis for fatty liver. Elevated levels of the enzymes ALT, AST, and GGT.
  • Imaging studies such as ultrasound, CT scans, and MRI scans visually determine if fat has infiltrated the liver.
  • These tests, however, cannot determine how far the disease has progressed. A liver biopsy will be necessary to access the severity of the disease.

Is fatty liver disease curable?

  • There is no specific medication or medical procedure that can cure fatty liver disease. However, weight reduction has a positive effect on the fatty liver.

What can I do to prevent the disease from progressing?

  • Daily exercise routine. Be active for at least 180 minutes per week such as by walking.
  • A diet that consists of fruits and vegetables, whole grains, beans, and nuts. Replace butter with healthier fats, such as extra virgin olive oil.
  • Avoid soda and other forms of refined sugar.
  • Study shows that limited amounts of dark chocolate can be beneficial in fatty liver
  • Focus on protein-rich foods such as lean poultry, seafood, eggs, and Greek yogurt.
  • Avoid red meat.
  • Coffee may be beneficial.
  • Consider taking a daily Vitamin E supplement. Vitamin E is a powerful antioxidant and may relieve symptoms of NAFLD.


  • Detox Premium Powder – As the name suggests this herbal powder helps in overall detoxification of the liver. This herbal powder contains ingredients such as giloy satv, shukta pishti, parval pishti, kamdudha ras, gandhak rasayan, etc. It reduces pain, swelling, abdominal pain, & abdominal swelling.
    Recommended Dosage: Take 1 sachet twice daily with normal water.
  • Liver care tablet – Liver Care tablet help in balancing Pitta dosha. These tablets stimulate the growth of new liver cells, promote functions of liver, and improve blood flow from the liver. It helps in the treatment of fatty liver, liver cirrhosis, Hepatitis, hepatomegaly, and obstructive Jaundice. Liver Care Tablets contains Ingredients like Kalmegh (Andrographis paniculata), Kutaki (Picrorhiza kurroa), Bhumi amla( phyllanthus niruri), Giloy(Tinopora Cordifolia), Yavakshar( Hordeum vulgare), Imli Kshar( Tamarindus indica), Mukta Shukta pisti etc. It helps in removing fats from the liver cells & keeps your liver healthy.
    Recommended Dosage: Take 1 tablet twice daily with normal water.
  • Kutki Capsules – Kutki capsules are a pure herbal extract of Kutki herb whose main function is to balance Vata and pitta doshas. It helps in the removal of harmful toxins from the body. Kutki capsules of CAC show great results in the case of liver diseases, purify the blood, and treats respiratory disorders. It maintains the overall digestive system and useful in various diseases like abdominal distension, ascites, constipation, etc. it has anti-inflammatory properties, also reduces the stiffness of joints.
    Recommended Dosage: Take 1 capsule twice daily with plain water.
  • Panchsakar Churna – As the name suggests five ingredients are used for the preparation of this herbal churna. The ingredients such as shunthi, shatapushpa, balaharitaki, saindhavan lavana, & swarnapatri are used for removing toxins from the body. The abdominal pain, swelling, loss of appetite, fatigue, etc related to fatty liver are treated.
    Recommended Dosage: Take 1 teaspoonful at bedtime with lukewarm water.
  • Liver Care Syrup – Liver Care Syrup is a herbo-mineral Syrup which is purely ayurvedic formulation. CAC Liver Care syrup helps in balancing Pitta dosha. This Syrup enhances regeneration of liver cells, promote functions of liver, and improve blood flow from the liver. It helps in the treatment of fatty liver, liver cirrhosis, Hepatitis, hepatomegaly, and obstructive Jaundice.
    Recommended dosage: take 2 tablespoon morning and evening after meal



  • Keloid also called a keloid scar.
  • This is the scar formation that depends on its maturity, it is composed of collagens mainly type 3 or type 1 collagen.
  • This scar is formed due to an overgrowth of collagen type 3 at the area of a healed skin which is slowly replaced by type 1 collagens. These scars are firm, fibrous nodules, rubbery or shiny lesions, and vary from pink color to a person’s skin or red to dark brown in color.
  • A keloid scar is a benign and non-spreading disease, but sometimes severe itchiness, pain, and changes in texture occur. In advanced cases, it affects skin movements. Some people have a higher tendency to develop a keloid in those with a family history of keloids and people between the ages of 10 and 30 years.
  • They are much larger than the original wound. The most common site where they found is in the chest, shoulders, earlobes, and cheeks. Moreover, keloids can affect any part of the body.


  • Acne scars
  • Burns
  • Chickenpox scars
  • Ear piercing
  • Scratches
  • Surgical incision sites
  • Vaccination sites


  • Keloids can develop in any area or part of the body where skin trauma has occurred.
  • They can be the result of pimples, scratching, burns, skin injury, or insect bites.
  • Keloid scars can develop after surgery.
  • More common sites, such as the central chest, the back, and shoulders (usually resulting from acne), and the ear lobes (from ear piercings).
  • They can also occur where body piercings are done. The most common areas are the pelvic region, earlobes, arms, and collar bone.


  • Histologically, they are fibrotic tumors characterized by a collection of atypical fibroblasts with excessive accumulation of extracellular matrix components, especially fibronectin, elastin, collagen, and proteoglycans.
  • They contain an acellular thick center, abundant collagen bundles that form nodules in the deep dermal area of the lesion. These lesions can cause pain, itching, and physical deformity.
  • They cannot improve in appearance over time and can limit the mobility of joints. It occurs in both sexes that is the male and females equally, but the incidence in young female patients is higher than in young males.
  • The frequency of occurrence is fifteen times higher in highly pigmented people.


  • The symptoms of a keloid can include:
  • The localized area is flesh, pink, or red in color,
  • A lumpy or ridged area of skin is usually raised
  • An area continues to grow larger with scar tissue over time
  • An itchy patch present on the skin


  • Skin biopsy – If a keloid looks like a perturbing skin growth, a Biopsy of the skin is done. This procedure involves removing a small section so that it can be studied under a microscope.
  • Visual inspection and palpation – Keloids scars can often be diagnosed by visual inspection or palpation. If a benign or malignant tumor is suspected, then imaging diagnosis with ultrasound, CT, or MRI is done.
  • Biomarkers – that can clearly identify keloids from hypertrophic scars.
  • Ultrasound imaging – is also suitable for evaluating the effect of treatment on the keloid.


  • Panchtiktta ghrita guggul – It is a herbo-mineral ayurvedic formulation of CAC consist of herbs specifically designed to treat drying, inflammation, and deadening of tissue and skin, particularly of the rectum area. The main ingredient is Neem which is best for treatment of ailments of the blood and plasma, most effective against many skin diseases which is caused due to harmful toxins and vitiation of the blood. It has antiseptic and anti-inflammatory effects which makes it useful in treating piles, and fissures. In addition, this blend contains many ingredients which shows cleansing action on the liver and kidneys, which further helps to detox the skin and post-digestive functioning. The herbs added shows rejuvenating and soothing action on the circulatory and digestive systems. It is used to treat a variety of skin conditions including, but not limited to, rectal bleeding and inflammation.
  • CAC DETOX PREMIUM POWDER are herbo-mineral sachets which are purely Ayurvedic formulation. These sachets mainly detox the body and eliminate toxic substances and helps in proper metabolism of all the functions. This formulation act at the level of the nervous system and facilitate proper conduction of signal impulse from the nerves to the muscles. These sachets have anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, and immune-modulator. The ingredients present in it are moti pishti, parwal pishti, shukta pishti, Giloy satv, kamdudha ras, Jahar Mohra, akik pishti, gandhak rasayan, sutshekhar ras, etc. These ingredients balances all the three doshas (Vata, Pitta & Kapha) and helps in blood purification, reduces burning sensation, weakness, and hot flashes in ulcerative colitis patients. It reduces the level of high uric acid in the body. The powder is very beneficial in relieving discomfort, numbness, muscle ache, and reduces swelling of the pelvic region. This powder provides a cooling & calming effect on the mouth ulcers. It is very beneficial in reducing the swelling, redness, stiffness, and improves the movements of joints.
  • JATYADI GHRTA LEPAM – this is herbo mineral lepam which consists of jati patra, nisa, nimba patra, tuttha, patola. Jati patra possess anti-bacterial, anti- ulcer and antioxidant activities. Used in management of wound healing. Nisa purifies the blood and remove toxins, wide range of biological effects including antioxidants, anti-tumor, anti-bacterial, antiviral, anti- inflammatory activities. Nimba patra paramount anti – microbial activities and effective in case of ulcers and eczema. Tuttha it play a key role in angiogenesis and in the expression and stabilization of extracellular skin proteins, also exhibits broad biocide properties. Patola leaf juice possesses antiseptic, insecticidal properties.




  • It is one of the important vegetable crops extensively cultivated in India, Africa, America, Southern Asia, and the United States.
  • It is important to the source of α and β-carotene, lutein, vitamin C (Ascorbic acid), dietary fibers, minerals, etc. and these nutritional and bioactive components are important for providing benefits to human health.

How does Pumpkin work

  • The chemicals present in the pumpkin seed cause increase in urination, which helps to relieve bladder discomfort. Pumpkin seed contains a chemical that helps to kill intestinal worms.


  • One cup of cooked pumpkin contains
  • Calories: 49
  • Fat: 0.2 grams
  • Protein: 2 grams
  • Carbs: 12 grams
  • Fiber: 3 grams
  • Vitamin A: 245%
  • Vitamin C: 19%
  • Potassium: 16%
  • Copper: 11%
  • Manganese: 11%
  • Vitamin B2: 11%
  • Vitamin E: 10%
  • Iron: 8%
  • Magnesium, phosphorus, zinc, folate, and several B vitamins in small quantities.


Weight Loss

  • Pumpkin rich in fiber
  • It has slowed digestion.
  • Pumpkin keeps you feeling fuller longer.
  • Pumpkin low in calorie
  • It helps keep you hydrated

Better Immunity

  • Pumpkin rich in vitamin A provides help to fight infections, bacteria, viruses, and infectious diseases.
  • Pumpkin oil fights various bacterial and fungal infections.
  • Pumpkin contains 20 percent of the recommended amount of vitamin C, which helps to treat cold faster.

Younger-Looking Skin

  • Eating pumpkin looks younger because beta-carotene present in pumpkin helps protecting us from wrinkle-causing by UV rays.
  • The pulp of pumpkin makes a great all-natural face mask that exfoliates and soothes the skin.

Lower Cancer Risk

  • Beta-carotene present in pumpkin is good for the eyes, skin, and fighting cancer. Studies show people who eat a beta-carotene-rich diet daily may have a lower risk of some types of cancer, including prostate and lung cancer.
  • Vitamins A and C are a kind of cell defense squad, both are antioxidants, and they act as protecting shields against cancer-causing free radicals.

It may help to treat diabetes

  • In scientific tests, pumpkin has been shown to reduce blood glucose levels, improve glucose tolerance and increase the amount of insulin in the body.

Combating Fertility Issues

  • Zinc content present in pumpkin seeds boosts fertility. Reproduction & Infertility found that zinc is essential for male fertility and can both prevent and treat sperm-related issues.

Treating an Overactive Bladder

  • Pumpkin seed oil help treat urinary disorders such as overactive bladder, which affects about fifteen percent of people over the age of 40.

Protecting Eye Heath

  • Pumpkin is a good source of lutein and zeaxanthin, which are two antioxidants help as a protective factor against age-related macular degeneration disease, which is the leading cause of blindness among adults.

Side effects of pumpkin

  • Stomach Ache
  • Absence of Nutrients
  • Not Good For People on Diuretic Drugs
  • Not Safe for Infants
  • Not Safe For Pregnant and Breastfeeding Women
  • Allergy to Pumpkin Seeds
  • Not Safe for People with Hypoglycemia
  • Could Cause Unwanted Weight Gain
  • Not Safe for People with Low Blood Pressure
  • Stomach Ache – Pumpkin seeds cause stomach ache when consumed in excess quantities. It is a rich source of fatty oils, could cause stomach upset followed by cramps and pain. Just try to eat small quantities of pumpkin seeds or eat it along with other foods to nullify this side effect.
  • Absence of Nutrients – People might be at the risk of losing various nutrients if not consume these seeds in a proper way. Cooked pumpkin seeds are without water-soluble nutrients such as Vitamin B6, niacin, thiamin, riboflavin Vitamin B12, and Vitamin C. cooking these seeds, in the lowest heat level Also, chew them properly instead of swallowing.
  • Not Good for People on Diuretic Drugs – Edema is seen in people with renal disorders or certain cardiovascular issues. Studies show that these seeds possess mild diuretic powers, which could interact with diuretic drugs, also affect the mineral balance in your body.
  • Not safe for infants – Pumpkin seeds contain protein and iron in creditable quantities, making them a tempting snack for infants. There are packed with fiber and fatty acids, these are not recommended for infants and trigger stomach cramps, pain, vomiting, and even diarrhea.
  • Not Safe for Pregnant and Breastfeeding Women – There is no scientific proof that supports the use or non-use of pumpkin seeds during pregnancy and lactation period. However, it is good to stay on the safe side intake it only food amounts or small amount. It is good to avoid this side effect of pumpkin seeds during the pregnancy phase.



  • Sarcoidosis is a condition in which the growth of persistent or inappropriate granulomas or clusters of inflammatory cells.
  • Sarcoidosis can occur in any organ, an estimated 90 percent of cases engage the lungs.
  •  Recently, there is no cure for sarcoidosis, but some cases resolve without medical intervention.
  •  Granulomas can harm organs and may require treatment. This may be the case if they start to involve a significant portion of an organ or persist for prolong period.
  •  Sarcoidosis is a chronic inflammatory condition that results in the formation of persistent granulomas of inflammatory cells.
  • Granulomas developed as a normal part of the immune response, but they typically break up after foreign objects have been expelled.
  • Sarcoidosis involves the development of granulomas that linger when they are no longer essential.

It may be the result of an extreme immune response to an irritant or allergens, such as:

  • viruses
  • bacteria
  • pollution
  • dust
  • toxins

There is some evidence to suggest certain people may be more genetically inclined to develop the condition.

Organs involved

  • A large of sarcoidosis cases involve or begin in the lungs.
  • The lymph nodes and glands, especially being around the lungs, are also impacted. However, sarcoidosis can damage any organ in the body.
  • Though less common, cases affecting organs, such as the heart, brain, and kidneys, are often far extreme severe. Also, they can be tough to treat and may cause serious health complications.

Risk factors

Major population depending on individual factors. These include:

  • Race or ethnicity: Rates of sarcoidosis among African-Americans are supposed to be 3 to 4 times higher than white people.
  • Age: Sarcoidosis most commonly affects those between 20 to 40 years of age.
  • Sex: As with most inflammatory conditions, women are supposed at greater risk of developing sarcoidosis, especially over the age of 50.
  • Family history: Those who have family members who have had sarcoidosis are at a major risk of developing the disease.


  • The symptoms associated with sarcoidosis can vary drastically between individuals depending on the organ involved and the size of granulomas.
  •  In acute sarcoidosis, symptoms are present for less than 2 years, and 50 percent of those affected by them will have no symptoms after that.
  • In chronic cases, symptoms progress, linger, or recur for weeks or years. The concern with chronic sarcoidosis is the evolution from granulomas to fibrosis in organs, such as in the lungs.

The signs and symptoms of sarcoidosis include:

  • Fever
  • Exhaustion
  • Pain in the joints
  • Abnormal sweating
  • Wheezing
  • Cough
  • Weight loss
  • Depression
  • Cough
  • Shortness of breath
  • Rashes on lower extremities such as ankles and shins


  • Chronic dry cough
  • Dyspnea
  • Wheezing
  • Shallow breath – Shortness of breath or trouble in catching the breath
  • Unidentifiable chest pain, usually radiating out

Lymphatic system

  • Swelling or edema, excess accumulation of fluid
  • Pain
  • Redness
  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Sore throat
  • General exhaustion


  • Pain, often radiating out of the chest
  • Painting
  • Unexplained exertion
  • Palpitations with a rapid and fluttering heartbeat
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Edema or swelling caused by the accumulation of fluid
  • Shortness of breath or difficulty in breath


Cases of sarcoidosis that affect the eyes do not usually cause symptoms. This means many go undiagnosed until permanent harm has been done.

  • Soreness
  • Redness in eyes
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Blurred or cloudy vision

Nervous System

  • Facial paralysis or loss of facial muscle control
  • Inflammation in the brain, resulting in seizures and other changes
  • Meningitis symptoms, such as headache and stiffness in the neck
  • Damage to small nerves of the brain


  • Erythema Nodosum, which is an elevated red rash on the shins and ankles, usually warm and tender to touch
  • Nodules or growths beneath the skin, especially around scar tissue
  • Skin discoloration, where some areas become lighter or darker than normal
  • Lesions or sores, resulting in permanent skin damage and disfigurement, usually on the cheeks, nose, and ears

Joints, connective tissues, bones, and muscles

  • Arthritis
  • Loss of muscle control, tone, or power
  • Loss of flexibility, comfort, or range of motion
  • Generalized joint pain
  • Generalized weakness and exertion


Almost 90 percent of all cases are not enough for doctors to be able to diagnose them. Sometimes they may also be undetectable by radiographic devices.

Diagnosis is usually made during examinations for other health conditions, for example, chest X-rays for:

  • Pneumonia
  • Accidental injury
  • Lung cancer

If sarcoidosis is suspected, a doctor will initiate by examining the impacted area and reviewing a person’s medical history.

Additional tests used to diagnose sarcoidosis include:

  • Computerized tomography scan
  • Positron emission tomography scan
  • Chest X-ray to assess lymph node involvement
  • Lung function tests to assess lung volume
  • Examination of the eyes
  • Blood tests to assess organ function or alteration, in particular, measuring kidney enzymes and markers
  • Biopsies of involved organ tissues


  • Heart Disease
  • Blindness
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Kidney damage or failure
  • Muscle paralysis
  • Skin discoloration


Chandigarh Ayurved centre provides a special kit for the management of sarcoidosis, which contains Kapha powder sachet, cough go tablet, shwashari Chintamani rasa, Amrit tulsi rasa, trikatu tablet,Kapha balance tablet.

Ash Gourd


General Description

  • Ash gourd, botanical nomenclature is Benincasa hispida, goes by several native names such as “Petha” in Hindi, “Boodida Gummadi” in Telugu, “kumbalam” in Malayalam, and “Neer Pooshnikkai” in Tamil.
  • This green vegetable has been recognized for its significant medicinal benefits since time immemorial and is widely mentioned in Ayurvedic texts. In the present era, it continues to be heralded for its enormous health benefits and is vastly incorporated, in familiar local cuisine across our country, as well as in relieving symptoms of illnesses of the stomach, pancreas, liver, and skin, etc.
  • Ash gourd naturally grows in South-East Asian countries such as India, Indonesia, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, China, and Nepal, as well as in the warmer southern regions in Australia continents.
  • Ash gourd is a creeper that has big yellow flowers. The leaves are approx. 10 to 18 centimeters in length and have a hairy stem. The fruits are usually oval and sometimes long-oval in shape and grow up to 35 – 40 centimeters in diameter. The plant is grown by using seeds.
  • Ash gourd is generally considered as a vegetable, which is used widely in cooking meals in a variety of Indian dishes such as sambhar, curry, mix veg. sabzi and dal, also used in making sweets called petha. Ash gourd has many therapeutic and remedial characteristics. Moreover, the roots and fresh juice of ash gourd also have applications in hair care and skincare.
  • Ash gourd contains plenty of nutrition, as it has high water content provides a cooling /soothing effect on the body, contains a negligible amount of cholesterol thereby developing overall heart health and abounding in a glut of vitamins and minerals to aid key metabolic functions in the body.
  • Nowadays Ash gourd is being consumed to a huge extent and not just in its indigenous milieus in Asia and Australia. The vegetable is propagated and harvested all over the world in hot and tropical environments, so that people can get advantages, for entire wellness.

Nutritional Content In Ash Gourd:

The seeds, leaves, and juice extract of ash-gourd vegetables are enriched with a plethora of fundamental dietary components like carbohydrates, fibers, fats, and proteins, vital trace compounds such as vitamins and minerals.

The 100 g serving of ash gourd contains – Calories 86.2 kcal

Accelerates weight loss

  • Ash gourd, Being low on calories  can help in weight loss.
  • It is high in essential nutrients, can be taken regularly by those people who are strictly following a diet regime especially for diabetic people.
  •  Ash gourd also provides a humongous amount of dietary fibers that can be easily processed in the stomach, keeping one feeling full for a longer period, reduce frequent cravings, and helps in burning fat.

Augments Heart Function

  • Ash gourd is having a negligible amount of cholesterol and can be safely consumed in the regular diet for promoting heart health.
  •  Boiled ash gourd vegetable can be added to many common homemade Indian dishes, as it helps in improving the circulation of blood to and from the heart, assuring normal functioning of cardiac muscles.

Detoxify Kidneys

  • Ash gourd helps in the normal excretion of body wastes via the excretory system in the body.
  • It increases the secretions of fluids within the kidneys, instantly getting rid of collected toxins and at the same time, assuring sufficient hydration of the internal organs.
  • The routine tasks of kidneys and bladder are supported by ash gourd as well.

Enhances Digestive System

  • As Ash gourd is rich in fiber content, helps to relieve constipation, abdominal distension, bloating, and cramping of the stomach due to the ingestion of a heavy meal.
  • Moreover, Ash gourd is purgative regulates routine bowel movements, thereby calming down any discomfort experienced in the gut.

Strengthens Respiratory System

  • Ash gourd is expectorant by nature as well, which can help in expectorating excessive phlegm or mucous secretions by loosening it from the respiratory tract.
  • It has a great impact on supporting the normal functioning of the lungs and also prevent allergies and breathing difficulties.

As Ketogenic Diet

  • Ash gourd is a non-starchy vegetable, that’s why used in keto diets. In addition, being naturally low in carbohydrates and sugars can be an optimal component of a keto diet, which concentrates on lowering calorie intake.
  • A quick recipe of stewed ash gourd vegetable and seasoning it with salt and pepper can be used on regular basis for lunch/dinner.

Ash Gourd Uses For Skin And Hair:

  • Ash gourd contains smoothening or emollient Vitamin E, which naturally moistures skin.
  • It has antioxidant properties as well.
  • The gel extract from the ash gourd can be applied on rashes and sunburn. This will pacify the dried-up regions of the skin, leaving it smooth and completely moisturized.

Combat Skin Infections

  • The residue of leaves has astringent quality.
  • This helps in combating the highly inflamed spots on the skin.
  •  It also significantly reduces any boil, pus, or carbuncles, abscesses derived from skin allergies, fungal infections, and environmental factors like sun rays.

 Promotes Hair Growth

  • Ash gourd contains a great extent of vitamins and minerals which provide complete nourishment to the hair strands.
  • When it is applied as a gel, it invades deep into the layers of the scalp.
  •  Helps in protecting follicles, thereby maintaining the strength of hair. If you are looking to gain long and healthy hair ash gourd is the best option.

 Tackles Excessive Dandruff

  • Ash gourd has the quality of reducing the intensity of dry itchy scalp and dandruff.
  •  It can also shelter the follicles, from the pollutants and fungus that trigger dandruff.
  •  Ash gourd gel, when applied routinely to the scalp and dry hair, can effectively improve the appearance of dull hair.



Tastes (introduction and type)

Rasa Utpatti (Origin of Taste) – The tastes are originated due to the combination of two Bhutas (primary elements) such as:

  • Madhura (sweet) – Prithvi (earth) + Ap (water)
  • Amla (sour) – Tejas (firew) + Ap (water)
  • Lavana (salt) – Ap (water) + Tejas (fire)
  • Tikta (bitter) – Akasa (sky) + Vayu (air)
  • Katu (pungent) – Tejas (fire) + Vayu (air
  • Kashaya (astringent) – Prithvi (earth) + Vayu (air).

Rasa Lakshana (characteristic of taste)

  • Swadu or Madhura (Sweet) – It builds all seven Dhatus in the body. It gave strength and immunity to the body, and also provides lubrication, and improves complexion. It is even liked even by ants.
  • The madhura taste present in food like sugar, honey, melon, potato milk, and rice have the madhura in rasa.
  • Amla (sour) – Amla (sour) makes the mouth watery, causes erection of hairs, tingling of the teeth, and leads to closing of the eyes and brows. It induces appetite and acts as a heart tonic by regulating heart function. It is also good for the digestive system as it increases the Agni.
  • The sour taste is present in foods like lemon, cheese, lime, and yogurt.
  • Lavana (salt) – Lavana (salt) increase salivation in the mouth and burns sensation in the cheeks and throat. The intake of lavana rasa increases appetite and digestion.
  • The lavana rasa is present in the foods like salted nuts and sauces.
  • Tikta (bitter) – Tikta (bitter) cleanses the mouth and makes a perception of other tastes is impossible. Tikta rasa helps in decreasing swelling and fluid retention in the body also kills parasites and neutralizes the poisons in the body.
  • Tikta rasa is present in foods like turmeric, aloe vera, and neem.
  • Katu (pungent) – katu rasa causing irritation, drain out secretions from the eyes, nose, mouth, burning sensation of the cheeks, decreases swelling and reduces fat. It also cures nasal and chest infections.
  • The katu rasa present in the foods like ginger, onion, garlic, and most spices.
  • Kashaya (astringent) – Kashaya (astringent) this rasa inactivates the tongue means diminishes the capacity of taste perception and causes obstructions of the passage in the throat. This rasa helps to purify the blood and cleanse toxins from the skin.

Rasa Karma (action of taste)

1. Madhura Rasa (taste) – Sweet taste being habituated since birth, produces greater strength in the body tissues. It is good for children, the aged person, the wounded, the emaciated, improves the skin tone and complexion, hairs strength, sense organs strength and Ojas (immunity).

  • The sweet taste makes the body strong, good for the throat, increases breast milk, unites fractured bones. Sweet taste is not easily digestible, helps in life activities, It is unctuous, alleviates Pitta, Vata, and Visha (poison).
  • Excess use of madhura rasa cause obesity, asthma, unconsciousness, diabetes, enlargements of glands present in the neck, malignant tumor.

2. Amla (Sour and Salt tastes) – stimulates the Agni, unctuous, good for the heart, digestive appetizer, hot in potency, cold on touch, sour in taste satiates, moistening the skin, light for digestion, causes aggravation of Kapha, Pitta and blood and makes downwards movements of Vata.

  • Excess use of sour taste causes looseness of the body, loss the strength, blindness, pallor, giddiness, and itching.

3. Lavana rasa (salt taste) – Lavana relieves rigidity, clears the obstructions of the channels and pores, increases digestive activities, lubricates, causes sweating, deeply penetrates into the tissues, improves taste.

  • Excess use of lavana causes vitiation of blood and Vata, thirst, skin diseases, graying of hair, wrinkles of the skin, Visarpa, spreading skin disease, and decrease the strength of the body.

4. Tikta rasa (bitter taste): Tikta itself is not tasty, but it cures anorexia, worms, thirst, poison, skin diseases, loss of consciousness, fever, nausea, burning sensations, bitter alleviates Pitta and Kapha dosha, dries up moisture, fat, muscle-fat marrow, faces, and urine.

  • Tikta Rasa digestible, increases intelligence, and cold is easily in potency causes dryness in the body, cleanses the breast milk, and throat.
  • Excess use of tikta rasa causes depletion of Dhatus and origin of Vata diseases.

5. Katu Rasa Karma (Actions of pungent taste) – katu rasa cures throat diseases, allergic rashes, leprosy, and other skin diseases, Alasaka (indigestion), swelling, reduces the swelling of the ulcers, dries up the greasiness, fat, and moisture.

  • Pungent taste increases hunger improves digestion, improves taste, eliminates the Dosha, dries up the moisture of the food, breaks up the hard masses, dilates the channels, and balances Kapha dosha.
  • Excess use of katu rasa causes thirst, depletion of Sukra (sperm) and strength, fainting, contractures, tremors and pain in the waist, and the back, etc.

6. Kashaya Rasa Karma (Actions of astringent taste) – Kashaya rasa balances Pitta and Kapha dosha, hard to digest, purifies the blood, healing ulcers, cold in potency, dries up the moisture and fat, improves digestion, and cure indigestion.

  • Kashaya rasa is water absorbent, thereby causing constipation, dryness and cleanses the skin.
  • Excess use of kashaya rasa causes stasis of food without digestion, flatulence, pain in the heart region, thirst, emaciation, loss of virility, and obstruction of the channel.

Madhura Gana – group of sweet substances:

  • Ghrita (ghee, butter fat),
  • Hema (gold),
  • Guda (molasses),
  • Akshoda,
  • Mocha,
  • Chocha,
  • Parushaka,
  • Abhiru,
  • Vira,
  • Panasa,
  • Rajadana,
  • The three Bala (Bala, Atibala and Nagabala),
  • The two Medas – Meda and Mahameda,
  • The four Parni – Shalaparni, Prishnaparni, Mudgaparni, Mashaparni,
  • Jivanti – Leptadenia reticulata,
  • Jivaka – Malaxis acuminata D.Don / Microstylis wallichii Lindl. ,
  • Rishabhaka,
  • Madhuka – Licorice – Glycyrrhiza glabra,
  • Madhuka – Madhuka longifolia,
  • Bimbi – Coccinia grandis / indica,
  • Vidari – Pueraria tuberosa,
  • The two Sravani – Mundi and Sravani,
  • Ksheerasukla, Tugaksiri,
  • The two Ksheerini, Gambhari,
  • The two Saha, milk, sugarcane,Gokshura, Ksaudra, Draksa etc. form the group of sweet substances.

Amla Gana – group of sour substances:

  • Dhatriphala – Amla,
  • Amlika – tamarind,
  • Matulunga,
  • Amlavetasa – Garcinia pedunculata Roxb,
  • Dadima – Pomegranate,
  • Rajata (Siver),
  • Buttermilk,
  •  Chukra,
  • Palevata, Dadhi – Curds, Mango,
  • Amrataka,
  • Bhavya – Dillenia indica,
  • Kapittha – Feronia limonia,
  • Karamardaka etc. form the sour group.

Lavana Gana – a group of salts:-

  • Varam (Saindhava – Rock Salt),
  • Sauvarcala (sochal salt),
  • Krishna (black salt)
  • Bida salt,
  • Samudra (table salt),
  • Audbhida,
  • Romaka,
  • Pamshuja,
  • Seesa (lead) and Kshara (Alkalies)

Tikta Gana – group of bitter taste

  • Patoli,
  • Trayanti – Gentiana kurroa,
  • Valaka,
  • Usira – Vetiveria zizanioides,
  • Chandana – Sandalwood,
  • Bhunimba – The creat (whole plant)
  • Nimba – Neem – Azadirachta indica,
  • Katuka – Picrorhiza kurroa,
  • Tagara – Indian Valerian (root)
  • Aguru,
  • Vatsaka –
  • Naktamala,
  • Turmeric and tree turmeric,
  • Musta – Nut grass (root) – Cyperus rotundus,
  • Murva,
  • Atarushaka – Adhatoda vasica,
  • Patha – Cyclea peltata,
  • Apamarga – Prickly Chaff Flower – Achyranthes Aspera,
  • Kamsya (bronze), Ayas (iron),
  • Guduchi – Tinospora cordifolia
  • Dhanvayasaka,
  • Bilva,
  • Agnimantha,
  • Shyonaka,
  • Gambhari,
  • Patala
  • The two Vyaghri – Brihati and Kantakari,
  • Visala, Ativisha, Vacha, etc.

Katu Gana – a group of pungent:-

  • Hingu- Asa foetida
  • Maricha – Black pepper,
  • Krimijit – Vidanga,
  • Panchakola – Chitraka, Pippalmoola, Pippali, Chitraka, and ginger,
  • Leafy vegetables such as Kutheraka and other
  • Pitta (bile of animals),
  • Mutra (urines),
  • Arushkara etc.

Kashaya Varga (Gana) – a group of astringents:

  • Group of astringents consists of
  • Pathya – Chebuic Myrobalan
  • Aksha – Terminalia bellirica,
  • Shireesa,
  • Khadira – Black catechu (heartwood extract) – Acacia catechu,
  • Madhu (honey), Kadamba, Udumbara,
  • Mukta (Pearls), Pravala (Coral),
  • Anjana – Aqueous extract of Berberis aristata (antimony),
  • Gairika – Purified Red Ochre,
  • Kharjura – dates,
  • Bisa – lotus stalk,
  • Padma – Nelumbium speciosum,
  • Utpala – Nymphaea stellata etc
  • General properties of tastes and exceptions:-
  • Madhura – substances of sweet taste increase Kapha except for old Shali (more than one-year-old rice) and Yava (Barley)
  • Mudga (green gram),
  • Godhuma (wheat),
  • Kshaudra (honey),
  • Sita (sugar),
  • the meat of desert animals (like lands)
  • Amla – substances of sour taste aggravate Pitta, except Dadima (Pomegranate) and Amalaki.
  • Lavana – salts are bad for the eyes and vision except for Saindhava lavana (Rock Salt).
  • Tikta and Katu – tikta and katu rasa and are non-aphrodisiacs increase Vata except for Amrita, Patoli, Shunthi (ginger), long pepper, and Rasona (Garlic)
  • Kashaya – kashaya rasa is usually cold in potency and obstructive except Abhaya.

Tastes and potency

  • Ushna veerya (Hot Potency) – Katu (pungent), Amla (sour), Lavana (salt) are hot in potency.
  • Sheet veerya (Cold Potency) – Similarly Tikta (bitter), Kashaya (astringent), and Madhura (sweet) are cold in potency.
  • Ruksha (dry) – Tikta (bitter), Katu (pungent), and Kashaya (astringent) are dry in nature and cause constipation.
  • Snigdha – while salt, Amla (sour), Madhura (sweet) are unctuous and help eliminate faces, urine, and flatus.
  • Guru (heavy) – Patu (salt), Kashaya (astringent), and Madhura (sweet) are heavy to digest.

Rasa Samyoga Samkhya (number of combination of tastes)

  • The combination of tastes will be 57, but their actual counting will be 63, on the basis of their usage.
  • Eliminating 1 rasa at each combination,
  •  the number of combination of 2 rasas each will be 15

In the combination of 3 races each,

  • It will be 10 with svadu,
  • 6 with amla,
  • 3 with lavana,
  • 1 with tikta
  • total of 20

In the combination of 4 rasa

  • It will be 10 with svadu,
  • 4 with amla,
  • 1 with lavana
  • total 15

In the combination of 5 rasa

  • It will be 1 with amla,
  • 5 with svadu
  • total of 6In the combination of all the 6 rasa
  • It will be one each rasa individually will be 6. Thus forming 63 combinations in total.

Each taste separately = 6

  1. Madhura
  2. Amla
  3. Lavana
  4. Katu
  5. Tikta
  6. Kashaya

Combination of 2 tastes = 15

  1. Madhura + amla
  2. Madhura + tikta
  3. Madhura + lavana
  4. Madhura + kashaya
  5. Madhura + katu
  6. Amla + lavana
  7. Amla+ tikta
  8. Amla + katu
  9. Amla +kashaya
  10. Lavana + tikta
  11. Lavana + katu
  12. Lavana +kashaya
  13. Tikta + katu
  14. Tikta+ kashaya
  15. Katu + kashaya

Combination of 3 tastes =20

  1. Madhura + amla + lavana
  2. Madhura+ amla + tikta
  3. Madhura+ amla + katu
  4. Madhura + amla + kashaya
  5. Madhura+ lavana + tikta
  6. Madhura + lavana + katu
  7. Madhura+ lavana + kashaya
  8. Madhura + tikta + katu
  9. Madhura+ tikta + kashaya
  10. Madhura + katu + kashaya
  11. Amla+ lavana + tikta
  12. Amla+ lavana + katu
  13. Amla+ lavana +kashaya
  14. Amla+ tikta + katu
  15. Amla+ tikta + kashaya
  16. Amla+ katu + kashaya
  17. Lavana+ tikta + katu
  18. Lavana+ tikta + kashaya
  19. Lavana+ katu + kashaya
  20. Tikta+ katu + kashaya

Combination of 4 tastes = 15

  1. Madhura + amla + lavana + tikta
  2. Madhura+ amla + lavana +katu
  3. Madhura+ amla + lavana +kashaya
  4. Madhura + amla + tikta+ katu
  5. Madhura+ amla + tikta+ kashaya
  6. Madhura+ amla + katu + kashaya
  7. Madhura+ lavana + tikta + katu
  8. Madhura+ lavana + tikta + kashaya
  9. Madhura+ lavana+ katu + kashaya
  10. Madhura + tikta + katu + kashaya
  11. Amla+ lavana + tikta+katu
  12. Amla+ lavana + tikta + kashaya
  13. Amla+ lavana + katu + kashaya
  14. Amla+ tikta + katu + kashaya
  15. Lavana + tikta + katu + kashaya

Combination of 5 tastes = 6

  1. Madhura + amla + lavana + tikta+ katu
  2. Madhura + amla + lavana + tikta+kashaya
  3. Madhura + amla + lavana +katu + kashaya
  4. Madhura + lavana + tikta+ katu + kashaya
  5. Madhura + amla + tikta+ katu + kashaya
  6. Amla + lavana + tikta + katu + kashaya

Combination of 6 rasa =1

  1. Madhura + Amla + lavana + tikta + katu + kashaya

These Rasa (primary tastes) and Anurasas (secondary tastes) in their proportional combinations become innumerable.

Vasti Vidhi– Enema


Basti means urinary bladder or enema. In ancient time’s urinary bladder of animals like buffalo were used as a bag to hold the enema material like decoctions, oil, etc. Vasti vidhi Adhyaya is the 19th chapter of Ashtanga Hrudaya Sutrasthana. Basti is useful for diseases with imbalanced Doshas, where Vata is dominant or diseases arise with Vata imbalance alone, it is the best treatment among all treatments.


Niruha Vasti – it is also known as Asthapana Basti. A decoction is used in this therapy, where decoction mixed with salt, honey, ghee, etc., and then administered in the body.

Anuvasana Vasti – it is also known as Sneha Basti. In this therapy ghee, oil, fat, etc. administered to the body.

Uttarabasti administered through the urethral route.


Persons suitable for Niruhu Basti or Asthapana Basti

Gulma – Tumors of the abdomen

Anaha – bloating, fullness

Khuda – gout,

Pleeha – Disease of the spleen, Splenomegaly

Shuddha atisara – Diarrhoea unassociated with other diseases

Shula – pain in the abdomen

Jeernajwara – Chronic fever

Pratishyaya – rhinitis

Shukra – obstruction of semen,

Mala Graha – constipation,

Vardhma – enlargement of the scrotum,

Ashmari Urinary calculi,

Rajonasha – Amenorrhoea

Unsuitable for Niruha or Asthapana Vasti

Atisnigdha – excess of Oleation therapy;

Urakshata – Chest injury

Krusha – highly emaciated,

Ama Atisara – diarrhea, dysentery due to Ama or diarrhea of recent onset,

Vami – vomiting,

Samshuddha – people who have undergone purification therapies (Panchakarma),

Datta Navana – nasal medication

Shvasa – COPD, Asthma, Dyspnoea

Kasa – cough, cold

Praseka excessive salivation

Arsha – Hemorrhoids

Hidhma – Hiccups

Adhmana – Abdominal bloating

Alpavahni- low digestion strength

Shunapayu – Swelling in the rectum

Kruta Ahara – Who have just taken food

Badhodara – intestinal obstruction

Chidra Udara – Intestinal rupture

Udakodara – Ascites

Kushta – skin diseases

Madhumeha diabetes

Pregnant woman

Patients suitable for Anuvasana Vasti

A person suitable for Asthapana is suitable for Anuvasana.

Mainly those people who have strong digestion power,

People with dry body or skin or not undergone Snehana therapy

People who suffer from Vata disease

Patients not suitable for Anuvasana Vasti

Persons who are not suitable for oil enema are those who are not suitable for decoction enema,

Pandu – anemia,

Kamala – Jaundice,

Meha – diabetes, urinary tract disorders

Peenasa – rhinitis

Niranna – empty stomach

Pleeha – Disease of the spleen, Splenomegaly

Vid bhedi – diarrhea,

Guru koshta – hard bowels- constipated,

Kaphodara – Kapha type of Ascites

Abhishyandi a type of eye disorder

Bhrusha Sthula – profound obesity,

Krumi Koshta – Intestinal worm infestation

Adhyamaruta – gout

Who consumed poison

Suffering from artificial poison


filariasis and scrofula.

Bastinetra enema nozzle-

It is made up of metals like gold, silver, bamboo, wood, or bone

Gopuchhakara – this type of nozzle resembles the tail of the cow in shape,

Achidra – this type of nozzle is without holes except at the ends,  smooth in touch and straight,

Gulikamukha – this type of nozzle is tip-shaped like a pill. 9

For children less than 1year of age, the nozzle should be of five angula- fingers breadth of Patients own

finger in length;

1 – 7years of age, the nozzle should be 6 angula;

The 7-year nozzle should be 7 Angula,

12 years nozzle should be 8 Angula

16 years nozzle should be 9 Angula

20 years and onwards nozzle should be 12 Angulas only.

These measurements may be slightly increased for other age groups based on age, strength, and body build.

Its orifice and its root should be 1 Angula in diameter for children of one year of age.

Orifice diameter should be increased  ½ angula for different age groups and its maximum diameter is 3 Angula.

At the tip of the nozzle, the orifice should allow free movement of green gram, Masha (black

gram), and Kalaya (round pea).

Near the office, a Karnika ear-like ridge of this same size of the orifice should be

Made at the time of preparing the nozzle, another Karnika should be made

at a distance of two Angula- towards its tip, the orifice at the tip should be kept closed with a

plug of cloth.

Basti Putaka- Enema bag:-

The urinary bladder of sheep, buffalo goats, or other animals was used as an enema bag. The bladder should be bulky, well beaten, made by red tanning with astringent substances. The bladder should be avoided if it has holes and hard spots. It should not be torn. If the bladder is not available, then the skin of the animal thigh and legs is used or thick cloth may be used for making the bag.

Niruha Matra (quantity of medicine for decoction enema):-

For a child up to 1 year of age, the quantity of decoction enema is 1 prakuncha = 1 Pala = 48g.

For each upcoming year, it should be increased by 1 pala till it becomes six Prasruta = 12 pala =576g, so for a 12-year-old, the quantity of decoction is 12 Pala.

Further, it should be increased one Prasruta (2 Palas= 96 g). so it becomes twelve Prasta- 24 Palas=1152g at the age of 18 years, it is 24 Pala.

18 – 70 years – 24 Pala.

After 70 years, 10 Prasruta = 20 Pala = 960 grams.

Anuvasana Matra- quantity for oil enema:-

The quantity for oil enema should be one-fourth of the quantity of that of decoction enema, as prescribed for each age group. 20

Anuvasana Vidhi procedure of fat Enema:-

The person suitable for decoction should be administered Snehana and Sweden therapy followed by purification therapy – emesis.  After person regains strength, determining that he is suitable for oil enema or not, if suitable he should be given an oil enema first.

The following procedure is adopted during procedure:

During cold season like Hemanta, Shishira and Vasanta ritus it should be given during day time in other seasons during night. Person should be given oil massage and bath, then eat habitual food, less by one fourth of the usual quantity, light- easily digestible food neither with more of fats or not very dry, followed by an appropriate liquid drink. Then he should walk for some time, eliminate faces and urine and lie down on a comfortable bed which neither too high nor too low, on his left side with bend his right thigh, and extending the left leg. Next, the enema nozzle which is lubricated with oil, expelled the air inside the bag and should be pressed without shaking the hands, in the direction of the vertebral column, it should neither be too fast nor too slow, neither given with great force nor with low force but given in in one attempt, a little quantity of liquid material will be allowed to remain inside the bag.

After removing the nozzle patients buttocks beaten gently with hands. Next he lie with extending his entire body, with a pillow under his heels, oil should be smeared all over the body and all the parts massaged well concentrating on the painful areas of the body, so that the fat enema inside the rectum does not come out soon.

If enema comes out early then another oil enema should be administered soon because fat which does not remain inside does not fulfil the purpose. If the person has good digestive activity, and if the fat comes out after the specific time he can be given light food in the evening.

The maximum time for the fat should come out is three Yama- nine hours, after that, it can be awaited

for one day and night, later on, after 24 hours after administration. If it does not come out due to severe dryness inside the body then it does not produce any discomfort like lassitude etc. it should be neglected and allowed to remain inside for the night, Next morning drink warm water either processed with ginger and coriander or plain. Again he should be given fat enema on the 3rd or 5th day, till the fat gets well digested through body.

To whom fat enema can be given daily?

People with profound increased of vata dosha,

People who do Physical activities daily,

People who have good digestive power

People with very dry skin can be given fat enema daily.

After 3 – 4 fat enemas if the body is found to be well lubricated, purification decoction

Enema should be administered next to clear the channels obstruction, if not well lubricated, then fat enema should be continued.

Nirahadraya Kalpana preparation of enema decoction:-

20 Pala – (960 g) of Drugs- enumerated in the prescription and 8 Madana Phala fruits should be made into a decoction with the 16 parts of water and boiled till 1/4th quantity is remain and added a fat- oil, ghee etc in 1/4th quantity = 960 g, for treatment of Vata, 1/6th quantity = 640 g for the treatment of Pitta, 1/8th quantity = 480 g for healthy person and for the treatment of Kapha disorders.

The quantity of Kalka of some Drugs added to the decoction for all Doshas and the healthy person shall be 1/8th part of the decoction (480 g) neither too thin nor too thick after mixing.

Next one pala (48 g) of Guda/jaggery and appropriate quantity of honey and salt also are also added.

All these are mixed together, churned well and made warm by keeping in container either in hot water or by steam. It should then filled into the enema bag in that condition, which is neither too hot nor too cold, neither too fatty nor too dry, neither too strong nor mild, neither too thick nor too thin, neither too much nor too less in quantity, neither with too much salty nor with it is then pushed into the rectum.

Signs of good Anuvasana basti Procedure –

Enema material coming out along with faces after staying inside for a short time, followed by flatus moving down are the symptoms of proper anuvasana vasti.

1 – 3 Anuvasana should be administered for the treatment of Kapha dominant diseases.

5 – 7 for Pitta,

9 – 11 for Vata.

Again alternative days like 3rd, 5th, 7th day decoction enema should be given.

Niruha Basti always given in empty stomach.

Anuvasana basti is given soon after taking food.

Food should be given along with Anna Yusha means soup prepared with rice and grains in case of Kapha disorder with milk in case of Pitta disorder and in vata disorders Meat soup are given

three kinds of enema are to be prepared,

Utkleshana – that causing of the Doshas,

Shodhana – that causing purification, by expelling the Doshas

Shamana – that subsiding dosha inside the body.

All these are to be justified on the basis of strength of the Doshas, drugs etc.

Administration of enemas should be continued till symptoms of proper enema are obtained.

Karma Basti – treatment with 30 enemas

It is the course of 30 enemas with one fat enema at the beginning and five at the end, with twelve decoction enema and twelve fat enema alternately in the middle is called as Karma basti. 63

Each day, one enema is usually given.

F = Fat enema = Anuvasana = Snehabasti

D = Decoction enema = Niruha = Asthapana

1=F 2 = F 3 = D 4 = F 5 = D 6 = F 7 = D 8 = F 9 = D 10 = F

11 = D 12 = F 13 = D 14 = F 15 = D 16 = F 17 = D 18 = F 19 = D 20 = F

21= D 22 = F 23= D 24 = F 25 = D 26 = F 27 = F 28 = F 29 = F 30 = F

Kala Basti – 15 enema regimen

A course of 15 enemas, with one fat enema at the beginning and three at the end, with six decoction enemas and five fat enema alternately in the middle is known as Kala Basti. 64

1=F 2 = D 3 = F 4 = D 5 = F 6 = D 7 = F 8 = D 9 = F 10 = D

11 = F 12 = D 13 = F 14 = F 15 = F

Yogabasti – 8 day enema regimen –

A course of eight enemas, with one fat enema both at the beginning and at the end, with three decoction enema and three fat enema alternately in the middle is known as- yoga basti.

1=F 2 = D 3 = F 4 = D 5 = F 6 = D 7 = F 8 = F

Sneha Basti – Niruha Basti

Either fat enema or decoction enema alone should not be given alone. More of fat enema may cause nausea and loss of digestion. More of decoction enema may cause increase of Vata. Hence people who are given decoction enema should also be given fat enema and those who are given fat enema should also be given decoction enema. Enema therapy will balance the three Doshas.

Matra Basti (Low dose fat enema)

Fat enema consisting of high fat quantity in matra basti minimum quantity of fat used for Snehakarma. In general a very low dose of medicated oil or ghee 50 – 75 ml is administered as Matra Basti. It should be given for Bala, Vriddha, Adhva, Bhara, Stri, Vyayama and who are habituated to long walking, carrying heavy weight, sexual activity and exercise

Chinta – who think too much, suffering from vata disease, fractures, debility, poor digestive activity, kings, wealthy persons and persons who live happily.

Uttarabasti- urethral and vaginal enema/ douche:-

Diseases of urinary bladder, vagina and uterus in women, uttarabasti should be administered or to those who have purified by two or three decoction enemas, per rectum.

The nozzle should be 12 Angula in length, in terms of patients own fingers and round- tubular resembling to cow’s tail at its end should have an orifice of mustard size, made up of gold, silver and metals, it should be smooth, resembling the stalk of flowers such as Kunda, Ashvamara and sumanas.

The enema liquid should be mild in strength, easily acting, its quantity one Sukti- 24 g or lesser.

Uttarabasti Vidhi Procedure:-

patient who has been given bath and food in accordance with the regimen prescribed for

fat enema, one should be on his knees then his penis should be held straight by the physician and a thin

probe should be inserted slowly the by the physician and a thin probe should be slowly inserted

into the urethra to clear the channel, after clearing the passage, the enema nozzle should be

inserted along the line of the Suture, to the entire length of the Urethal passage till the cavity of

the urinary bladder is reached, without shaking the hand and the enema bag pressed just as described for rectal enema, pushing the oil, ghee etc. into the urinary bladder this is the ideal method- for a urethral enema. In this way 3 or 4 enemas should be given.

Samanya Bastikala (periods of administration of enema generally)

Purgation therapy should be resorted to after a fortnight after emesis therapy and decoction enema after a fortnight after purgation therapy,

Fat enema- therapy should be administered immediately after decoction enema but after seven days after purgation therapy.

Just as the cloth adsorbs the color from the water, boiled with Kusumbha etc, colouring materials, similarly, the enema, absorbs the Doshas from the moistened body.

Basti Chikitsa Sresthata- importance of enema therapy:-

For all the diseases which are localized in the extremities, Koshta (alimentary tract), Marma (vital organs), all the organs above the shoulders, there is no other cause, more important than Vata.

Vata is the one responsible for transportation and destruction of the increased faces, Kapha, Pitta and other Malas.

Ear pain


Ear pain generally occurs in children, but it can also occur in adults. Ear pain that starts inside the ear is known as primary or 1degree otalgia, whereas pain that begins outside the ear is known as secondary or 2-degree otalgia.

Generally, ear pain can originate gradually or suddenly. The pain can be sharp, dull, and can be temporary or on and off. Usually, the pain feels in only one ear, but sometimes it can occur in both ears.

Karna Roga, according to Ayurveda can be caused by one of four imbalances:

  • Vata: Imbalances of Vata can cause thin discharge from the ear, dry ear wax, sharp pain, abnormal sound in the ear (tinnitus), and deafness.
  •  Pitta: Imbalances of pitta leads to inflammation, yellow discharge, redness, tearing, and burning sensation.
  •  Kapha: Imbalances of Kapha causes white or slurry discharge, abnormal sound, severe itching, swelling, and mild pain.
  •  Sannipatataja: This happens when there is an imbalance of all doshas Vata, pitta, and Kapha; the discharge may be colored depending on the predominant dosha.

Signs and Symptoms of Ear Pain can occur with

  • Fever
  • Drainage from the ear
  • Loss of appetite (in children)
  • Excessive crying (in children)
  • Hearing loss
  • Irritability
  • Headache
  • Difficulty in chewing
  • Jaw pain
  • Throbbing pain
  • Fussiness

Possible causes of ear pain include

  • Allergies
  • Blockage in Eustachian tube causing a build-up in pressure and pain
  • By scratching the ear with a finger
  • Middle ear infections like otitis media ( build-up of fluid in the middle ear)
  • Children are more susceptible to the infection because their Eustachian tubes are smaller and straight
  • Sinus infectionSore throat
  • Tooth infection
  • Swimmer’s ear
  • Buildup of earwax
  • Otitis externa ( infection of the outer ear)
  • Ruptured eardrum
  • Altitude pressure changes (barotrauma)
  • Temporomandibular joint syndrome (TMJ, or problems with the joint that connects your jaw to the side of your head)
  • Arthritis of the jaw
  • Ear infections usually aren’t the main cause of ear pain in adults. Rather, the pain may stem from a problem such as TMJ.

How Is Ear Pain Diagnosed?

On basis of symptoms and history of the patient, a doctor can diagnose ear pain. By examining your ears, throat, and nose with an otoscope (an instrument) diagnosis can be made. With the help of an otoscope redness and other signs can be evaluated to find the cause of ear pain.

The otoscope can be used to see if the eardrum is moving normally or not.

Prognosis of Ear Pain

The prognosis of ear pain depends on the cause. For example, ear infections tend to go away on their own within one or two weeks.

If the eardrum is ruptured or damaged it is also likely to heal on its own within a few months depending on the injury. The prognosis is good except for, long-term hearing loss and problems like vertigo and giddiness can occur.

Ayurvedic Treatment

The ayurvedic management of ear infection comprises finding the vitiated dosha and restoring it to bring balance in the body. Simple aahar, vihar, and aushadh can help manage the disease. The aahar and vihar description for the treatment of ear infection are given below:

Diet Recommendation (AAHAR)

A diet that does not imbalance the Kapha dosha, should be followed, as there is the involvement of Kapha dosha in ear problems. The following dietary guidelines must be followed: –

  • Sour foods are restricted as it vitiates the Kapha dosha. These include all sour fruits and curd.
  • Fruits like cucumbers, papaya, bananas, watermelons, and oranges must be avoided because these increase the chance of catching a common cold. This can increase the ear problem. All refrigerated and chilled food must be avoided for the same reason.
  • Onion, ginger, and garlic should be given to the patient during ear problems.
  • Turmeric also helps in treating ear infections and should be used for making meals.
  •  Breastfeeding practice for infants
  •  Avoid refined and processed food

Lifestyle Changes (VIHAR)

  • Keep the ears warm with the help of massage.
  • Massage this area while opening and closing the mouth.
  • Increase the intake of Vitamin C and zinc. Vitamin C helps in combating infection by boosting immunity. Consumption of Zinc also reduces ear infection
  • Avoid smoking as well as exposure to a chain smoker, since smoke can block Eustachian tubes and cause hardening
  • Maintain good hygiene, avoid chilled food items. Wash your hands regularly. Avoid touching your eyes and nose unnecessarily.
  • We have some beneficial Herbs for the treatment of ear infections and aches include Bael, holy basil, neem, garlic. Medicines made up of these herbs can be used to fight ear infections.
  • The Shatkarma procedure, neti, i.e., rinsing of the nasal passages with a mild, saltwater solution, which removes accumulated Kapha and pollutants can also help relieve ear infection.

Karana Purana

Karna Purana word is derived from the Sanskrit word. It is an Ayurvedic procedure of instilling warm oil into the ear canals. It can be performed daily as a ritual, this self-care practice works as restoring medicine to maintain optimal health of the ears and jaw.

Ayurvedic ear cleansing can also be done in a more therapeutic sense to pacify vitiated Vata dosha due to aggravation brought on by cold and windy weather, traveling, overstimulation.

According to Ayurveda, the ears are a natural place in the body where vata resides. It is considered to be rough (harsh), highly mobile, cold, and dry, and these qualities of vata dosha are easily unbalanced through daily modern life.

The antidote for vitiated vata dosha is Karna Purana, which balances the aggravated Vata Dosha by bringing in opposing warm, moist, and smooth.

In the following diseases, Karna Purana helps:

  • Earache
  • Blockage due to earwax
  • Wax removal
  • Hearing loss
  • Swimmer’s ear
  • Headache
  • Migraine (Ardhavbhedhak)
  • Pain in the neck
  • Ear congestion
  • Tinnitus
  • Meniere’s disease
  • Balances other body disorders
  • Jaw pain
  • Pain disorders
  • Weakness in the acoustic nerve
  • Vertigo
  • General body ache
  • Neurological disorders
  • Anxiety

Home Remedies and Alternative and Complementary Therapies

  • Many people experience earache and muffling due to sudden changes in air pressure, like when they are traveling in a plane, diving to the bottom of a sea bed, taking an elevator.
  • When this happens to someone, try swallowing repeatedly, for example, by chewing gum or sucking on hard candy, this can help clear your ears. This type of ear pain is usually not permanent and doesn’t cause long-lasting problems.
  • A cold compress can also help relieve earaches. For this, place a cold pack on the affected side of the ear for about 10 to 20 minutes. Hot packs also help to ease the pain.
  • Stress reduction techniques and mouth guards can be helpful in temporomandibular joint disorder.
  • Instead of lying flat in the supine position, try resting with your head propped up on a pillow. This can help relieve the pressure in the middle ear.

Prevention of Ear Pain

  • There are some techniques you can do to decrease your chance of ear injuries and ear infections as earache is not always preventable.
  • Dry your ears thoroughly after bathing, showering, and especially after swimming. Keep all foreign objects away from your ears. You can use custom-fitted swim molds while swimming. You can also wear earplugs and a bathing cap.
  • Children should get the pneumococcal vaccine timely since middle ear infections are mainly caused by the bacteria Streptococcus pneumonia