Aschotana Anjana Vidhi (अचोतन अजन वध)

DEFINITION:-

Aschotana Anjana Vidhi is an Ayurvedic treatment methods in which  Eye drops, Eye salve Therapy is performed in the eye.

These Treatment Therapies Methods are Following:-

These Therapies are divided into 2 parts:-

 Aschotana and Anjana

Aschotana:- In this method application of the medicated liquid drug in the eyes in the form of drops. The herbal eye drops are very beneficial for the eyes in all disorders of the eyes.

It is very helpful to prevent the following:-

  • Ruk – eye pain
  • Toda – pricking pain
  • Kandu – eye itching
  • Gharsha – the feeling of friction in the eyes
  • Ashru – excessive lacrimation, tears
  • Daha – burning sensation
  • Raga – eye redness
  1. In the condition of Vata Dosha imbalance, The Eye drops of medicated liquids should be warm.
  2. In the condition of Kapha Dosha imbalance and cold in blood (Rakta), The eye drops of the medicated liquid should be Lukewarm.

PROCEDURE (Vidhi):-

  1. Aschotana Vidhi:-

–The patient should lie on a bed. The patient’s eyes should be opened with the left hand of the Doctor. The medicine dispenser, either a wick or seashell is held in the right hand of the Doctor with two fingers above the inner eye angle or inner canthus. The medicated liquid is put into both eyes only 10 – 12 drops should pun into an eye. After this procedure, the eyes should be cleaned with soft cotton. Then with a piece of soft cotton Mild fomentation is given, the cotton should be rinsed in warm water in the disease of Kapha doshas and Vata doshas.

–In Pitta vitiation and blood disorders, The eyes should be mopped with a soft cloth or cotton which  dipped in to cold water, because in this procedure the 2 – 4 strong and Very hot medicinal drops cause pain, loss of vision, and redness.

–Very cold drops can cause loss of movement of eyeballs, pricking pain, and discomfort of the eyes.

–Excess therapy produces can cause roughness of the eyelids, difficulty in opening of the eyelids, and friction in the eyelids.

–Less therapy also leads to worsening of the diseases, redness, increase of swelling, and absence of lacrimation (tears). 5-6 Medicine drops are put into the eyes, entering into the fornices of the eyes, head, nose and face, can cause the imbalanced of  Doshas which are situated in the upper parts of the body.

  1. Anjana Vidhi :-

In this procedure of applying Eye salve or collyrium into the eyes. In this procedure the patients who has purified his body by the Vamana, and Virechana the application of collyrium or eye salve is suitable for those patients. In the condition of slight edema (Alpa shopha), severe itching (Ati kandu) and sliminess (Paichilya) the Doshas are generally localized in the eyes.

When the Patient’s Doshas are imbalanced,     like Vata, Pitta, and Kapha, the excretions of the eyes may thick in those patients.

TYPES OF ANJANA:-

There are Three Types Of Anjana:-

लेखनं रोपणं ितसादनमत धा

  1. Lekhana – scarifying
  2. Scraping Ropana– healing
  3. Drishti prasadana– making the vision clear, soothing to the eyes

Lekhana Anjana:-

In This procedure the Anjana is prepared from the Herbs of astringent, sour, salt, and pungent tastes and hot potency.

Ropana Anjana:-

In this the Anjana is prepared from herbs of a bitter taste.

Drishti Prasadana Anjana:-

In this procedure the Anjana is prepared from Herbs of sweet taste and cold potency. To reduce the side effects of strong collyrium, generally, the Prasadana Anjana is used.

Anjana Shalaka (Collyrium apparatus):-

Anjana Shalaka is a type of metal rod, its length is 10 Angula, In the middle it’s thin, with the tips resembling a bud of a flower suited for application of the Anjana.

-Lekhana Anjana, The Shalaka should be made of copper    For the procedure of  Lekhana Anjana.

Ropana Anjana, The Shalaka should be made from iron or the finger itself can also be used for the Ropana Anjana.

Prasadana Anjana, The Shalaka of gold and silver is used for the Prasadana Anjana

Kinds Of Anjana (Eye Salve)/ Anjana Bheda:-

There are Three Kinds of Anjana:-

  1. Pinda (Pill)  This is used in case of imbalance of doshas.

The quantity of Pinda Anjana is prepared from the strong herb that is Harenu.

The quantity of Pinda Collyrium prepared from mild herbs is that is two Harenu.

  1. Rasakriya– In this, the gel, confection, semisolid got from boiling decoction till solidity of Medicinal drug. This is used in a moderate imbalance of the Dosha.

The quantity of Rasakriya is prepared from Vella  (Vidanga)

  1. Churna(Powder) – In this procedure, the powder form of Anjana is used. It used in the case of mild imbalance of doshas.

The quantity of the Churna Anjana is two rods full in the condition of strong herbs and three rods full in condition of mild herbs.

TIMINGS FOR ANJANA:-

The Application of the Anjana/collyrium (eye-salve) should not be performed during the night time, during sleep, or at midday, and if the eyes are fatigued by strong sun rays. Otherwise, it may lead to eye disorders because the Doshas are increased during these timings, and the doshas may spread to other sites of eyes and get liquefied. So The Anjana should always be applied in the morning time or in evening time, when the sun is not present, This will help to mitigate the Doshas.

The Ayurvedic Doctors says that, during the day time the strong Anjana should not be applied, because the eye after the purgation treatment of strong herbs, become weak due to rays of the sun.

Importance of Sleep and Night for Healthy Eyes:-

The eye is made from Agneyi mahabhot (Fire elements) So the eye being comforted to cold. The eye nourished by the coolant nature and strength after a good sleep at night. So the Lekhana Anjana is require In condition of extreme increase of Kapha or scraping types of disease. Teekshana Anjana (strong type) This Anjana can be used during the day time, only if the day is not very hot.

During the severe cold conditions, application of strong Anjana should not performed, because it not good even at night time, because it does not cause the removal of the Doshas from the eyes. So it can produce itching, inactivity of the eyeballs. and the Doshas get stagnated in the eyes, due to the cold effect, even after Anjana therapy.

Patients unfit for application of Anjana/Anjana  Anarha:-

Application of Anjana should not be performed in the following patients:-

  • Bheeta – The Patient In fear, Vamita
  • Virikta – The patient who have been administered Vamana and Virechana and who are hungry.
  • Shitavegita – The patients with the urges of urine or  faeces.
  • Kruddha – Patient who are in anger.
  • Jvarita – The patients who suffering from fever and his eyes are fatigued.
  • Shiroruk – During headache
  • Shoka – during Bouts of grief and Jagara like conditions.
  • Anidra — Loss of sleep.
  • Adurshte Arke – This is the condition when the sun is fully covered with clouds.
  • Shira Snate – Suddenly after the head bath and after smoke inhalation, and drinking of wine
  • Ajirne – In condition of indigestion, fatigued from excess exposure to sun, and fire.
  • Divasupte – just after the day time sleep.
  • Pipasite – During Thirst.

Unsuitable Anjan:-

The following types of Anjana should not be used:-

  1. Very strong or very mild Anjanas.
  2. Very little or very large in quantity Anjanas.
  3. Very thin or very thick inconsistency.
  4. Very rough or coarse.
  5. Very cold or very hot.

After the application of the Anjana, The eyeballs should be moved up and rotated slowly, the eyelids should also be moved slightly by massaging over it; by these procedures the strong Anjana spreads to all places. But squeezing or washing, opening and closing of the eyelids should not be done.

If the eyes have regained strength, after the cessation of the activity of the drugs, the eyes should be washed with water (hot or cold)according to the disease, season and Doshas. otherwise, doshas give rise to the disorder. So, The Doctor should lift and hold the upper lid of the left eye with a piece of soft cotton held in his right thumb and wash the right eye; with his right hand, the other eye.

In the conditions of itching and inactivity the strong Anjana or inhalation of strong smoke should be done.

When the eyes are fatigued by strong Anjana, applying a Pratyanjana Anjana (counter eye-salve) this is in powder form. Cold effects should be done.