ANANTMOOL

DEFINITION

Anantmool is a great herb that has good properties. This herb is very effective in managing Pitta disorders in the body and gastritis. Anantmool is also known as “Sariva” and this is used to treat many Reproductive Disorders in females. This herb is a good natural that managing the body health and helps in detoxification of the body.

This herb has amazing health benefits which helps to improve the skin texture and helps to purify the blood.

This herb is one of the best detoxifying herb which helps in cleaning the body.

Anantmool is very useful plant in the Indian system of Ayurvedic medicines.

CLASSIFICATION OF ANANTMOO

  • Kingdom – Plantae
  • Family – Gentianales
  • Order – Apocyanaceae

SYNONYMES OF ANANTMOOL

  • English name – Indian Sarsaparilla
  • Hindi name – Anantmool, Kapuri
  • Marathi name – Uparsal, Upalsari
  • Gujrati name – Upalasari, Kapuri
  • Tamil name – Nannari
  • Kannada name – Sogadi beru

SANSKRIT SYNONYMES

  • Sariva
  • Ananta
  • Asfota
  • Utpal Sariva
  • Shyama
  • Canadana
  • Gopi
  • Gopavalli

ANANTMOOL EFFECTS ON DOSHAS

This herb helps to balance the three doshas.

CHARAK SAMHITA

 ·      Madhur Skandh – Herbs which are sweet in taste

·      Kaashara – Herbs which relieve cough

·      Hikka nigrahan – Herbs which are good for hiccups

SUSHRUT SAMHITA

 

Kakolyadi,

Padamkadi Gana

AYURVEDIC PROPERTIES OF ANANTMOOL

Rasa {Taste} Madhura {Sweet}, Tikta {Bitter}
Guna {Physical Properties} Guru {Heavy}, Snigdha {Unctuous}
Virya {Potency} Sheeta {Coolant}
Vipaka {Metabolic Property, After Digestion} Madhur {Sweet}

PART USED

  • Leaves
  • Roots

CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS OF ANANTMOOL

The fragrant roots of Anantmool {Hemidesmus indicus) or (Indian sarsaparilla) is used in Indian medicines preparation.

The volatiles obtained by steam distillation (yield, 0.25%) contained 2-hydroxy-4-methoxybenzaldehyde (91%) and (−) ledol (4.5%), in pure form, these are isolable, and these are the major constituents of this herb.

The GC–MS analysis of the residual oil, it has shown the presence of over 40 minor constituents.

Among them, nerolidol (1.2%), borneol (0.3%), linalyl acetate (0.2%), dihydrocarvyl acetate (0.1%), salicylaldehyde (0.1%), isocaryophyllene (0.1%), α-terpinyl acetate (traces) and 1,8-cineol (traces), these are important as aromatic and bio-active principles of this herb.

PHYTOCONSTITUENTS REPORTED FROM DIFFERENT PARTS OF HEMIDESMUSINDICUS

Sr. No. Parts Constituents
1. Roots Pregnane glycoside viz. Hemindicusin. Coumarinolignoids viz. Hemidesmin-1 and Hemidesmin-2. Others – β-amyrin acetate, α-amyrin, β-amyrin, lupeol acetate, β-sitosterol, hexadecanoic acid, hexatriacontane, lupeoloctasonate. Oil contains 80% cryst alline matter, glucose, hemidesmol, hemidesterol, 2-hydroxy-4-methoxy benzaldehyde, resin acid, glucoside, α-amyrintriterpene, β-amyrintriterpene, and benzaldehyde.
2. Stem Glycosides such as Indicine and Hemidine. Pregnane glycoside such as Hemidescine and Emidine. Pregnaneoligoglycosides viz. demicunine and heminine. Desinine, Indicusin, M edidesmine, Hemisine and Demicine. Steroidal compounds viz. Calogenin-3-o-β-Ddigitoxopyranosteroid, desminine steroid, hemisine steroid. Triterpenoids viz. 3-keto-lup-12 -ene-21->28 olidetriterpene, lup-12-ene-3-β-ol acetate triterpene.
3. Leaves Leaves Coumarinolignoids viz. hemidesminine, hemidesmin-1, hemidesmin-2. Flavon oids viz. hyperoside and rutin. 2.50% tannins.
4. Flowers Flavanoid glycosides viz. Hyperoside, Isoquercetin and Rutin

EFFECTS ON TRIDOSHA

It balance the all three dosha in our body

MORPHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS

ROOTS

Anantmool is a perennial, twining, slender, undershrub with woody and fragrant rootstock. The roots are mainly used for Ayurvedic medicinal purpose. Roots are occur in pieces form, these are about 30 cm long and 3-8 mm in diameter, hard, thick, cylindrical, and somewhat tortuous, sparsely branched, these are provided with few thick rootlets and secondary roots, external appearance dark brown in colour, and sometimes it is with violet grey tinge, center is yellowish in colour, and woody. This is surrounded by a mealy white cortical layer, with bark brownish color, corky, and it is marked with transverse cracks and longitudinal fissures and this is easily detachable from the hard central core, it is odor is characteristic, in taste it is sweetish, aromatic and slightly acrid. The root of this is harvested in the autumn and dried for the later use.

STEMS AND BRASNCHES:-

The stems and branches are twine antclockwise are elongated, with narrow surface, tereteand of a deep purple or purplish brown in colour with the surface of slightly ridged at the nodes.

LEAVES

Anantmool leaves are opposite to one another, these are shiny, smooth, and firm, in texture. These are vary in shape and size according to their age.

FLOWERS

The flowers of Anantmool are Greenish yellowish to greenish ourpke to outside and dull yellowish color to light purplish color inside, these are calyx deeply five lobed, and corolla gamopetalous, about twice the calyx, stamens five, inserted near base of corolla which have a thick coronal scale.

FRUITS

The fruits of anantmool are two straight slender, narrowly cylindrical widely and divergent follicles, with many seeds, they are flat oblong, with a long tuft of white silky hairs in it.

USES OF ANANTMOOL

Anantmool is sweet, heavy, and unctuous. It used to teats various disorders, described below:-

  • Anantmool used to improve quantity of sperms
  • It used to treat Indigestion
  • It used to treat many respiratory disorders like Asthma, Cold, flu, and cough
  • It helps to reduce fever
  • Used to treat diarrhea and dysentery
  • It helps to reduce poisoning
  • It used to treat Menorrhagia
  • This is one of the best detoxifying herb, so this helps to clean the body
  • It also helps to purify the blood
  • It improve the texture of the skin
  • It used to manage various gynecological problems such as leucorrhea, menorrhagia, and dysmenorrhea etc.
  • It has good blood purifying properties, therefore it is used in the treatment of snake bite, scorpion bite, and other poisonous insect bite cases
  • Anantmool is very effective in managing vereral diseases, because of its detoxifying properties
  • It helps to treat body infections
  • It helps to treat blocked reproductive system of both males and females
  • Anantmool has cooling properties, and its administration in the body has a very stabilizing and cooling impact
  • It helps to neutralize abnormal acidic secretions in the gut
  • It used to treat ulcerative colitis, gastritis, and stomach ulcers
  • It reduce the bleeding caused due to stomach ulcers
  • This also helps to bring down the pyrexia (fever)
  • It helps to manage the vitiated pitta dosha and skin diseaeses
  • It roots are used to treats oral ulcers
  • It is useful in the treatment of anemia
  • Anantmool is a great body tonic which used to improves overall health
  • It also used to improve the strength of the body
  • It used to increase the vitality of the body also
  • Anantmool is acts as a good brain tonic
  • It is given to the children, who have speech disorder, and autism
  • This herb gave good relief in the patients struggling with psychiatric disorders and depression
  • The paste of root of Anantmool is used to treat joints pain in the case of gout and osteoarthritis
  • It also helps to curing many skin conditions
  • This herb used to pacify all three doshas in the body such vata, pitta, and kapha
  • It used in the treatment of itching and pruritus like skin diseases
  • Anantmool helps in improving sperm quantity and quality
  • This is an amazing Blood purifier and it given to breast feeding mothers, this helps to detoxify the breast milk
  • This is also used in the treatment of scorpion, snake, and other poisonous insect bites
  • It reduces skin inflammation
  • This herb helps to heal herpes disease
  • It used to treat anemia
  • Anantmool is helpful in the treatment of jaundice
  • It treats leucoderma
  • Anantmool has immuno-booster properties and it used to improving immunity of the body
  • It used to treat dysuria and helps in managing kidney functions
  • It used in the treatment of cervical lymphadenitis
  • It also used in the treatment of elephantiasis
  • The texture of skin is maintained by the regular use of Anantmool herb
  • Add Anantmool in oil, application of this oil prevent hair fall and this also helps in the growth of hairs