Alopecia areata is a condition that causes hair drop out in small patches, which can be unnoticeable. These patches may connect, however, and then become noticeable. The condition creates when the resistant framework assaults the hair follicles.

In Ayurveda, it is also called as Inderlupta or Khalitya. Khalitya is tridoshaja vyadhi

for example Vata, Pitta, Kapha with Rakta dosha.

Dosha Involement in Alopecia

In Khalitya, Bhrajaka Pitta locales in skin and roma kupa (opening of hair follicle) get vitiated and enter in skin through roma kupa with vitiated vata dosha because of which hair fall happens, after that vitiated Rakta and Kapha dosha block the kickoff of hair follicle because of which creation of new hair stop. Generally speaking in Khalitya, hair fall happens and new hair doesn’t create the impression that prompts baldness.

All doshas are vitiated yet have transcendence of Pitta and Rakta dosha mostly.

What are Causes of Alopecia areata?

  • Family history (heredity): The most widely recognized reason for balding is a genetic condition that occurs with maturing. This condition is called androgenic alopecia, male-design hairlessness and female-design sparseness. It as a rule happens steadily and in unsurprising examples — a retreating hairline and bare spots in men and diminishing hair along the crown of the scalp in ladies.
  • Hormonal changes and medical conditions: An assortment of conditions can cause perpetual or brief balding, including hormonal changes because of pregnancy, labor, and menopause and thyroid issues. Medical conditions alopecia areata, which is invulnerable framework related and causes inconsistent balding, scalp contaminations like ringworm, and a hair-pulling problem called trichotillomania.
  • Drugs and enhancements: Balding can be a result of specific medications, for example, those utilized for disease, joint inflammation, gloom, heart issues, gout and hypertension.
  • Radiation treatment to the head: The hair may not develop back equivalent to it was previously.
  • An extremely unpleasant occasion:  Numerous individuals experience an overall diminishing of hair a while after a physical or passionate stun. This kind of going bald is transitory.
  • Hairstyles and medicines: Extreme hairstyling or hairdos that pull your hair tight, like ponytails or cornrows, can cause a sort of going bald called footing alopecia. Hair chemicals and permanents additionally can make hair drop out. In the case of scarring happens, going bald could be lasting.

What are Symptoms of Alopecia areata?

Signs and symptoms of going bald may include:

  • Steady diminishing on top of head; this is the most widely recognized kind of balding, influencing individuals as they age. In men, hair regularly starts to retreat at the hairline on the temple. Ladies regularly have a widening of the part in their hair. An inexorably normal going bald example in more seasoned ladies is a subsiding hairline (frontal fibrosing alopecia).
  • Round or inconsistent uncovered spots; A few group lose hair in round or sketchy uncovered spots on the scalp, facial hair or eyebrows. Your skin may get bothersome or difficult before the hair drops out.
  • Abrupt relaxing of hair; A physical or passionate stun can make hair extricate. Small bunches of hair may come out when brushing or washing your hair or even after delicate pulling. This kind of balding for the most part causes generally speaking hair diminishing however is transitory.
  • Full-body balding; A few conditions and clinical therapies, like chemotherapy for disease, can bring about the deficiency of hair everywhere on your body. The hair as a rule becomes back.
  • Patches of scaling that spread over the scalp; This is an indication of ringworm. It very well might be joined by broken hair, redness, growing and, on occasion, overflowing.

What are Risk factors of Alopecia areata?

Various components can build your danger of balding, including:

  • A family background of going bald on your mom’s or father’s side
  • Age
  • Critical weight reduction
  • Certain ailments, like diabetes and lupus
  • Stress
  • Helpless nourishment

Prevention in Alopecia areata

Pathya: Taila (Oil), ghrita, dugdha(Milk), Dhaanya, shigru(Moringa), vaastuka, patola, kaarvellaka, haritaki, bhringaraaja, draksha, aamra,

Apathya: Amla rasa, masterahara, maricha, ati sheeta and atiushna, virudha anna, diva-svaapa, ashru, nidraa, pureesha vega dhaarana.

Treatment of Alopecia areata

In Ayurveda works of art, Jalaukavcharana (use of Leech) is best treatment for Pitta and Rakta transcendent illness. Raktamokshana is one of karma (instrument) of panchkarma, shodhana treatment. In this, detoxification of body and harmful material of the body is eliminated through blood. In Khaliyta we utilized Jalauka for phlebotomy because of prevalence of Pitta and Rakta.

External treatment comprises of Leech therapy and local application of Bhringraja oil followed by wet towel steam threefold every week.

Internal treatment comprises of Amalki Churna.Brihat Manjisthadi Kwatha, Saptamrita Lauha etc.